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Cisco Unified Communication Manager - Device Mobility

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It’s a feature which allows CUCM to determine whether the phone is in its home location or a roaming station.

By enabling this feature users can roam from one site to another site and acquire the site-specific settings such as Codecs, MRGL, Call routing, SRST etc.

CUCM then uses these settings for the calls. These settings are collecting from the Device Pool-->Roaming Sensitive settings.

 

Scenario

Site name:         SITE-A                                              SITE-B

Username:         USER-A                                            USER-B

Subnet:               192.168.2.0/24                              10.1.1.0/24

Device pool:      SITE_A-DP                                       SITE_B-DP

DMG:                  SITE_A-DMG                                  SITE_B-DMG     

DMI:                    SITE_A-DMI                                    SITE_B-DMI

PL:                       SITE_A-PL                                        SITE_B-PL

 

USER-A is moving from SITE-A to SITE-B, if we don’t have device mobility enabled, USER-A will be resuming with the existing call settings.

For ex: USER-A want to make an outbound call definitely call will be reaching out through the Local Gateway of SITE-B which is illegal according to TRAI in India. For avoiding these kinds of glitches, we can use Device Mobility.

 

Configurations:

  1. Service Parameter Configuration

              System > Service Parameters>Select Server>Cisco Call Manager service

              Device Mobility Mode: ON (This is using for enabling this feature in cluster wide or we have to manually enable it in the phone. Device mobility value in phone will be either ON/OFF/Default. If it is default, then it uses service parameter value or it use the value in phone)

              Display Device mobility location during phone registration: TRUE (This is using for displaying "Device in Roaming Location/ Device in home location" in phone screen.)

  1. Create Device Mobility Group (DMG).

              System>Device Mobility>Device Mobility Group (Name and description)

  1. Create Device Mobility Info (DMI).

              System>Device Mobility>Device Mobility Info (Here I am providing SITE-B details)

                             Name: SITE_B-DMI

                             Subnet: 10.1.1.0

                             Subnet Mask (Bit size) *: 24

                             Device pool: SITE_B-DP

(How it works =When a phone registration request received to CUCM It checks its IP address If it match to subnet 10.1.1.0/24 it provide Roaming Sensitive settings values of SITE_B-DP. This is not the completed flow please go to bottom of this page and understand the complete working principle of Device Mobility.)

  1. Create Physical Location.

              System > Physical Location (PL).

  1. Apply the DMG and PL to the appropriate DP under Roaming Sensitive settings. Also update the other values in Roaming Sensitive settings as per our requirement.

 

 

 

 

Working Principles

  1. USER-A is moved from SITE-A to SITE-B and powered on his phone.
  2. His phone pushed a registration request from SITE-B to CUCM.
  3. CUCM checks the IP address of the phone.
  4. It matches with subnet 10.1.1.0/24 (SITE-B)
  5. Device Mobility trigger from this point.
  6. As per the Device Mobility Info: if subnet match with 10.1.1.0/24 It has a Device pool associate: SITE_B-DP.
  7. Then CUCM check the Physical Location in Phone's device pool (SITE_A-DP) and the Physical Location of the Device pool which is obtained from Device Mobility Info (ie: SITE_B-DP)
  8. If both the Physical Location are different, CUCM push the Roaming Sensitive settings values mentioned in Device pool which is obtained from Device Mobility Info (ie: SITE_B-DP)  to the phone.
  9. We can check these values from Device page>Device Mobility Mode >View Current Device Mobility Settings.
  10. It uses SLRG too even though it is not appearing in the View Current Device Mobility Settings

 

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