This document describes how to configure Cisco Unified Survivable Remote Site Telephony (SRST) on Cisco IOS routers to provide redundancy to Cisco Session Initiation Protocol (SIP) Phones.
Basic Cisco Unified SIP SRST Usage:
Cisco Unified SRST provides CUCM with fallback support for Cisco Unified IP Phones that are attached to a Cisco router on a local network. Cisco Unified SIP-SRST enables routers to provide basic call-handling support for Cisco Unified IP Phones when they lose connection to remote primary, secondary and tertiary CUCM servers or when the WAN connection to the main site is down.
Prerequisites for Configuring Cisco Unified SIP SRST:
Before configuring Cisco Unified SIP SRST, you must do the following:
An SRST feature license is required to enable the Cisco Unified SIP SRST feature.
The SRST feature in Cisco Unified Communication Manager (CUCM) provides SIP IP-Phones with the information needed to find the relative gateway to register with when they lose contact with CUCM servers.
SRST Reference Definition: SRST reference comprises the gateway which can provide
limited CUCM functionality when all other CUCM Servers for IP Phones are unreachable.
Follow the procedure to configure SRST in CUCM at the Main Site:
CUCM Device Pool Configuration
1.The SIP SRST reference as shown above is assigned to IP Phones using Device Pools.
2. SRST Configuration on the Cisco IOS Gateway:
Follow these steps to configure Cisco Unified SIP SRST on a Cisco IOS gateway at the Remote Site
Step1: Enter configuration mode to activate SIP SRST
Step2: Define the IP address and port to which the SIP SRST service binds
Step3: Define the maximum number of DNs to support
Step4: Define the maximum number of IP Phones to support
SIP Configuration on the Router
1) Enable SIP B2BUA and SIP Registrar Functionality on SIP SRST router
MS-VGW-67(config)#voice service voip
MS-VGW-67(conf-voi-serv)#allow-connections sip to sip
MS-VGW-67(config-sip-ua)#registrar server expires max 600 min 60
2) Enter “voice Register global” mode to allow globally assign characteristics to SIP IP phones.
MS-VGW-67(config)#voice register global
MS-VGW-67(config-register-global)#mode srst/esrst >>>>>>>>(ESRST is optional enables more features in the Cisco Unified ESRST mode.)
MS-VGW-67(config-register-global)# system message "SIP SRST 3845 Service” >>> the System Msg display on the Phones
MS-VGW-67(config-register-global)# max-dn 200 >>> Max number of directory number on the SRST system, platform dependent
MS-VGW-67(config-register-global)# max-pool 100 >>> Max number of Pools on the SRST system, platform dependent
3) Configure the backup registrar (SIP SRST) services for SIP phones
voice register pool 1
id network 192.168.1.0 mask 255.255.255.0 >>> See below Note #1
call-forward b2bua busy 9100 >>> See below Note #2
The id command identifies the individual SIP IP phone (You can use IP/MAC address to specify an IP phone) or sets of SIP IP phones (use network address to a group of IP phones) that are to be configured. This is required and must be configured before any other voice register pool commands.
SIP call-forward using B2BUA. 9100 here can be the VoiceMail system pilot number. There is NO voicemail option under “voice register global” when in SRST mode. IP Phone will get VM pilot number from CUCM setup
4) Enable sip-ua for external registrar (required by external registrar CUCM)
registrar ipv4:192.168.0.2 expires 3600 >>> 192.168.0.2 is CUCM IP address
The CLI is to enable SIP gateway to register E.164 numbers of analog telephone voice ports (FXS) and IP phones virtual voice ports (EFXS) with an external SIP proxy or registrar server.
Depending on the gateway type (SIP vs. MGCP) configured on CUCM, the SRST router may or may not need this configuration.
5) Enable MWI-relay server for Messaging Waiting Indicator to work on SIP SRST
mwi-server ipv4:192.168.1.111 expires 3600 port 5060 transport udp >>> IP is CUE IP
This is configured only if the MWI server communicate with the system using SIP protocol
The IP connectivity to the MWI-server should be established before this configuration.
6) To disable supplementary services if multiple SRST routers are required on remote office
voice service voip
no supplementary-service sip refer >>> To disable the SS using REFER
Disabling supplementary services is supported if all endpoints use SCCP or all endpoints use SIP. It is not supported for a mix of SCCP and SIP endpoints.
With disabled SS configuration, REFER messaged used for call transfer and redirect responses for call forwarding will be disabled from being sent to the destination by SRST. Hairpin will be used instead.
7) Verify the SIP IP phone failover on SRST
show sip-ua status registrar
Show voice register pool xx
show voice register dial-peers
show voice register statistics
8) Debug the SIP phone registration process
debug voice register errors
debug voice register events
debug ccsip message
How to Verify the SIP IP phone fallback from CUCM to Local SRST router
This session will explore the process between SIP IP Phone and SIP SRST router by either show CLI output or debug messaged on SRST router only.
1) When a SIP IP Phone in normal operation with CUCM registration, “show sip-ua status registrar” on SRST router:
You should see nothing registered with this command
This CLI is used to distinguish the single registration from the Dual-registration. With dual-registration, the CLI will show the endpoints with line numbers.
2) Turn on the debug ‘debug ccsip message” on SRST router:
The debug messages pasted here are not complete debug capture
SIP phone sends a SIP Register request periodically to CUCM with Timer Register Expires timer (default is 3600sec on CUCM), meantime the SIP phone sends to SRST keepalive message with ‘expires’ heander = 0 tage
SIP SRST will respond with 404 not found back to the SIP phone
The communication is to allow IP phone know that the SRST router is alive and ready to take full registration in case the active CUCM fails
3) “show voice register dial-peer” on SRST router should return nothing because no SIP phone has been registered with SRST yet.
4) Now the WAN link is down, turn on the debug ccsip message on SRST router.
5) Do CLI “show sip-ua status registrar” on SRST router, now the line numbers with IP address should be shown.
6) Do CLI “show voice register dial-peer” on SRST router
7) During SRST mode, SIP phones will keep polling CUCM periodically, with SRST monitor Duration (default = 120 sec) setup on CUCM, SIP IP phones won’t register back to CUCM until WAN link to CUCM is stable and the CUCM is ready to take full registration process.
8) When SIP IP phone re-home to CUCM, it will un-register first from the SRST router and send normal SIP REGISTER message to the primary CUCM with expires >0
9) With debug ccsip message on SRST router.
10) CLI ‘show sip-ua status registrar” and “shoe voice register dial-peer” will both return nothing after SIP phones rehome to the primary CUCM.
About SIP Enhanced SRST (E-SRST)
The Enhanced SRST for Cisco Unified SIP IP Phones feature supports version negotiation between the SIP phones and ESRST to enable more features in the Cisco Unified ESRST mode. In the current scenario, when the SIP phones fall back to the SRST mode, features such as Shared-Line, Busy-Lamp-Field (BLF), and Video call are disabled on the phones because the features are not supported in the SRST mode. However, with the Enhanced Survivable Remote Site Telephony (E-SRST) deployment, you can enable the following features using the version negotiation:
Supported Feature in the E-SRST mode:
To enable version negotiation feature between ESRST & phone, user needs to configure "mode esrst" under voice register global mode.
It is recommended to use SRST manager to automate the CLI provisioning of ESRST branch routers.
The Version Negotiation feature is supported only on the Cisco Unified 9951, 9971, and 8961 SIP IP phones.
The phone firmware version should be Version 9.4.1 or later versions.
This feature supports video calls only between the local Cisco Unified SIP IP phones and the No Time-Division Multiplexing (TDM) video calls during the SRST failovers.
To enable phone specific features like shared-line & BLF work, individual voice register pools need to be configured.
Enabling the E-SRST Mode
To enable the Version Negotiation feature in the E-SRST mode, perform the following procedure.
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