cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
cancel
Announcements

Welcome to Cisco Firewalls Community


607
Views
10
Helpful
11
Replies
Beginner

ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Hi,  cannot pass traffic through the ASA to web server. Packet tracer shows ACL drop even without an ACL configured. I can ssh and https to the ASA outside interface. My setup is

1.2.3.4 - Outside ( Verizon action tech router) inside -192.168.1.1 ->

192.168.1.140 Outside (ASA) inside 172.17.1.254 -> 172.17.1.1-NIC Web Server

Here is the packet trace I can also provide a sanitized config.

Not sure what a suboptimal-lookup is?

Thank you for any help.

 

securebox(config-if)# packet input outside tcp 192.168.1.140 www 172.17.1.1 www

Phase: 1
Type: CAPTURE
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219bc2830, priority=13, domain=capture, deny=false
hits=41103, user_data=0x7f921a68cbf0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x0
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 2
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Implicit Rule
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219b43790, priority=1, domain=permit, deny=false
hits=1421590, user_data=0x0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x8
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0100.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 3
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
found next-hop 172.17.1.1 using egress ifc inside

Phase: 4
Type: SUBOPTIMAL-LOOKUP
Subtype: suboptimal next-hop
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
ifc selected is not same as preferred ifc
Doing route lookup again on ifc outside

Phase: 5
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
found next-hop 192.168.1.140 using egress ifc outside

Phase: 6
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype:
Result: DROP
Config:
Implicit Rule
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f921a46a6b0, priority=500, domain=permit, deny=true
hits=3, user_data=0x7, cs_id=0x0, reverse, flags=0x0, protocol=0
src ip/id=192.168.1.140, mask=255.255.255.255, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Result:
input-interface: outside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: inside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

 

Everyone's tags (1)
11 REPLIES 11
VIP Mentor

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

There are multiple ways to address this problem. The best way (IMO) is to reconfigure the verizon-device to "modem" mode, assuming that it is a DSL-router. With that, you control the public IP and the NAT on the ASA which is less complex.

 

If that is not possible, the typical configuration is done the following way:

The DSL-router has a static route to all internal networks pointing to the ASA outside interface. Sometimes the is an option like "exposed Host" od "DMZ host" that has to point to the ASA. As the DSL-router is doing NAT/PAT here, the ASA should not have any NAT configured. You only need access-control from the internet (any) to your internal resources.

 

For your packet-tracer, if 192.168.1.140 is the IP of the ASA, repeat the packet-tracer with a public source like 1.2.3.4 and look for the result of that.

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Output from packet-tracer from my  actiontec public Ip to websrv behind ASA

packet-tracer input outside tcp 47.1.2.3  www 172.17.1.1 www detailed

 

Phase: 8 
Type: NAT
Subtype: rpf-check
Result: DROP
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static any interface service HTTP HTTP
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
out id=0x7f9219cb24a0, priority=6, domain=nat-reverse, deny=false
hits=23, user_data=0x7f9218701660, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=80, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=inside

Result:
input-interface: outside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: inside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

 

Highlighted
Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

>>> packet input outside tcp 192.168.1.140 ...

 

 

Phase: 5
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
>>> found next-hop 192.168.1.140 using egress ifc outside


It's because both of your source and destination is coming from outside interface, the same interface. Please verify if the traffic will pass through your ASA or not.

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

 
Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Please post some of your configuration:

1. security level of your outside interface and inside interface
2. show route 47.1.2.3
3. show route 172.17.1.1
4. show run access-group
5. show run access-list
6. show xlate

 

** remember to hide /transform any sensitive data (e.g. public IP address)

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

1). security level of your outside interface and inside interface
securebox(config)# show nameif
Interface Name Security
GigabitEthernet1/1 outside 0
GigabitEthernet1/2 inside 100

 

2). show route 47.1.2.3
securebox(config)# show route 47.1.2.3

% Network not in table

***Do have a default route that allows me to ping google.com from host 172.17.1.1
S* 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 [1/0] via 192.168.1.1, outside

 

3.) show route 172.17.1.1
securebox(config)# show route 172.17.1.1

Routing entry for 172.17.1.0 255.255.255.0
Known via "connected", distance 0, metric 0 (connected, via interface)
Routing Descriptor Blocks:
* directly connected, via inside
Route metric is 0, traffic share count is 1


4.) show run access-group
securebox(config)# show run access-group
access-group test2 in interface outside
access-group test2 in interface inside

 

5.) show run access-list
securebox(config)# show access-list
access-list test2 extended permit tcp any any eq www

 

6.) show xlate
securebox(config)# show xlate
20 in use, 238 most used
Flags: D - DNS, e - extended, I - identity, i - dynamic, r - portmap,
s - static, T - twice, N - net-to-net
TCP PAT from inside:0.0.0.0/0 80-80 to outside:192.168.1.140 80-80
flags srT idle 0:16:44 timeout 0:00:00
TCP PAT from outside:0.0.0.0/0 0 to inside:0.0.0.0/0 0
flags srIT idle 0:16:44 timeout 0:00:00
TCP PAT from inside:172.17.1.1 443-443 to outside:192.168.1.140 443-443
flags srT idle 34:48:20 timeout 0:00:00
TCP PAT from outside:0.0.0.0/0 0 to inside:0.0.0.0/0 0
flags srIT idle 34:48:20 timeout 0:00:00
NAT from outside:0.0.0.0/0 to pc:0.0.0.0/0
flags sIT idle 84:54:24 timeout 0:00:00
NAT from outside:0.0.0.0/0 to pc:0.0.0.0/0
flags sIT idle 34:33:00 timeout 0:00:00
NAT from inside:172.17.1.1 to outside:192.168.1.140
flags sT idle 0:20:09 timeout 0:00:00
NAT from outside:0.0.0.0/0 to inside:0.0.0.0/0
flags sIT idle 24:34:21 timeout 0:00:00
TCP PAT from outside:192.168.1.140 80-80 to inside:172.17.1.1 80-80
flags srT idle 24:31:14 timeout 0:00:00
TCP PAT from inside:0.0.0.0/0 0 to outside:0.0.0.0/0 0
flags srIT idle 24:31:14 timeout 0:00:00

TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.12/59706 to outside:192.168.1.140/59706 flags ri idle 0:00:05 timeout 0:00:30
UDP PAT from pc:10.10.0.12/51746 to outside:192.168.1.140/51746 flags ri idle 0:00:44 timeout 0:00:30
UDP PAT from pc:10.10.0.12/37834 to outside:192.168.1.140/37834 flags ri idle 0:01:48 timeout 0:00:30
UDP PAT from pc:10.10.0.12/48465 to outside:192.168.1.140/48465 flags ri idle 0:00:19 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.12/56152 to outside:192.168.1.140/56152 flags ri idle 0:47:20 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.9/37595 to outside:192.168.1.140/37595 flags ri idle 0:08:00 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.9/49787 to outside:192.168.1.140/49787 flags ri idle 0:08:02 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.9/43126 to outside:192.168.1.140/43126 flags ri idle 0:13:05 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.9/42952 to outside:192.168.1.140/42952 flags ri idle 0:13:17 timeout 0:00:30
TCP PAT from pc:10.10.0.9/38518 to outside:192.168.1.140/38518 flags ri idle 11:43:01 timeout 0:


***Have a switch and WAP that is used for internet access
***Everything else works, cant access websrv externally

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Added temporary ACL to allow all, packet trace shows ACL drop but Phase 8: NAT is where the drop occurs.

 

show access-list

access-list test2; 1 elements; name hash: 0x2bb0eb81
access-list test2 line 1 extended permit tcp any any eq www (hitcnt=3) 0xb4c001f6

 

show run access-group

securebox(config)# show run access-group
access-group test2 in interface outside

securebox(config)# packet input outside tcp 47.1.2.3 www 172.17.1.1 www detailed

Phase: 1
Type: CAPTURE
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219bc2830, priority=13, domain=capture, deny=false
hits=174281, user_data=0x7f921a68cbf0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x0
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 2
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Implicit Rule
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219b43790, priority=1, domain=permit, deny=false
hits=1458537, user_data=0x0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x8
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0100.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 3
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
found next-hop 172.17.1.1 using egress ifc inside

Phase: 4
Type: ROUTE-LOOKUP
Subtype: Resolve Egress Interface
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
found next-hop 192.168.1.1 using egress ifc outside

Phase: 5
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype: log
Result: ALLOW
Config:
access-group test2 in interface outside
access-list test2 extended permit tcp any any eq www
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f921a5ddeb0, priority=13, domain=permit, deny=false
hits=2, user_data=0x7f92205d31c0, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=80, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 6
Type: NAT
Subtype: per-session
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f92193d9dd0, priority=0, domain=nat-per-session, deny=false
hits=31693, user_data=0x0, cs_id=0x0, reverse, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=any, output_ifc=any

Phase: 7
Type: IP-OPTIONS
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219b4b360, priority=0, domain=inspect-ip-options, deny=true
hits=31800, user_data=0x0, cs_id=0x0, reverse, flags=0x0, protocol=0
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 8
Type: NAT
Subtype: rpf-check
Result: DROP
Config:
nat (inside,outside) source static any interface service HTTP HTTP
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
out id=0x7f9219cb24a0, priority=6, domain=nat-reverse, deny=false
hits=14, user_data=0x7f9218701660, cs_id=0x0, use_real_addr, flags=0x0, protocol=6
src ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=0, tag=any
dst ip/id=0.0.0.0, mask=0.0.0.0, port=80, tag=any, dscp=0x0
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=inside

Result:
input-interface: outside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
output-interface: inside
output-status: up
output-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (acl-drop) Flow is denied by configured rule

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Hi,

Please modify your packet tracer command as follow:

packet input outside tcp 47.1.2.3 www <inside global address of 172.17.1.1> www detailed
Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

securebox(config)# packet input outside tcp 47.1.2.3 www 172.17.1.254 www detailed

Phase: 1
Type: CAPTURE
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219bc2830, priority=13, domain=capture, deny=false
hits=187555, user_data=0x7f921a68cbf0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x0
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Phase: 2
Type: ACCESS-LIST
Subtype:
Result: ALLOW
Config:
Implicit Rule
Additional Information:
Forward Flow based lookup yields rule:
in id=0x7f9219b43790, priority=1, domain=permit, deny=false
hits=1464116, user_data=0x0, cs_id=0x0, l3_type=0x8
src mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0000.0000.0000
dst mac=0000.0000.0000, mask=0100.0000.0000
input_ifc=outside, output_ifc=any

Result:
input-interface: outside
input-status: up
input-line-status: up
Action: drop
Drop-reason: (no-route) No route to host

 

***I do have a default route through outside

S* 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 [1/0] via 192.168.1.1, outside

Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

Hello,

I got your setting now.. please have a look on the post by @Karsten Iwen.
Beginner

Re: ASA 5506-X NAT ACL Drop

ngkin2010 thanks for your help, i will try solutions from the first post.

I guess trying to double nat, once at verzion actiontec, and once at the ASA doesn't work.

 

I do understand putting public IP on outside interface is the recommended way.

Is double natting this way not possible with an ASA?