MPLS can work on two modes Frame mode and Cell mode.
Routers by default support frame mode.ATM switches and routers with ATM interface support cell mode.
PHP means Penultimate Hop.PHP is a term use to refer to node which is one HOP before the destination.e.g
R1-R2-R3-R4,your destination is on R4 in that case R3 is acting as PHP.It pops the label and sends it out as IP packet.
The PE router assigns the labels to all its destination learned through IGP.However BGP routes gets the label through their next hop e.g If you learn 120K BGP routes through single next hop.All the BGP routes will be having one label.
There is a feature called BGP with labels which overcomes this limitation.
Hi Everyone, Would like to extend my thanks in advance for anyone offering assistance. As the subject hints, anyone here know of a way to convert IOS configs to XR config? I seen and heard about SOX tool but i am unable to find it. I also tried ...
When I run the command 'sh controllers fabric fia q-depth location 0/0/CPU0' or any 0/X/CPU0 and see the following, what exactly does it mean? RP/0/RSP0/CPU0:Router#sh controllers fabric fia q-depth location 0/0/CPU0********** FIA-0 **********Categor...
Symptoms: the root password can't log in by GUI Solution:1) login CLI as admin2) write command "ncs webroot enable" without qutations3) we can check the status by "ncs webroot status" hope this will help someonethanks
ISO images are as close as we can get to the old school classic IOS images from back in they day.
Doing upgrades by putting a new image on the flash, changing the boot pointer and reload was and is still the walhalla of Cisco based devices.