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Sporadic multicast success

Hi,

 

I've been troubleshooting this multicast issue for a week now and getting no where! 

 

It is new configuration to get multicast traffic from one side of a firewall to the other using GRE. Devices on both sides of the firewall could be the source of the traffic. One side is a ASR 1001-X, the other is a Cat3650. 

 

To test it, I am running a simple multicast test tool (IC Tester). A server whose gateway is on the ASR is generating multicast traffic to the 239.192.0.11 group on UDP/12345. Wireshark is also running in the background and I can see the multicast packets in the capture. 

A server whose gateway is on the Cat3650 is configured to join the 239.192.0.11 group and is listening for the packets. Wireshark is running there also. The capture shows the server is sending regular "Membership Report group 239.192.0.11" packets to the group but no multicast traffic is received - most of the time. 

 

I left the test running when I went to see a colleague earlier and when I returned, one multicast packet had made it through to the listener. It has now been running for about 3.5 hours. The counter on the source is showing it has sent 12898 packets to the group. The listener has received 8 of them.

 

My question is, how do some get through and most fail? My guess is pruning based on the way the tunnel interface shows as "Prune/dense" the majority of the time when I look at "show ip mroute". Why is a mystery to me. I have recently received a copy of the Cisco Press IP Multicast Vol:1 book which I hoped would contain the answer, or a hint, but I've not found that page yet!

 

Thanks,
Andrew

 

 

 

Here is some of the configuration (sanitised) which may be useful:

 

Gateways

lanRtr_theSource#show run int gi0/0/x.xxx
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 341 bytes
!
interface GigabitEthernet0/0/x.xxx
 encapsulation dot1Q xxx
 ip address 10.x.x.x 255.255.255.192
 no ip redirects
 no ip unreachables
 no ip proxy-arp
 ip pim dense-mode
 standby version 2
 standby x ip 10.x.x.x
 standby x timers msec 300 msec 900
 standby x priority 254
 standby x preempt
end

 

dmzSwitch_theListener#show run int vlanxxxx
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 274 bytes
!
interface Vlanxxxx
 ip address 172.x.x.x 255.255.255.0
 ip pim query-interval 15
 ip pim dense-mode
 standby version 2
 standby x ip 172.x.x.x
 standby x timers msec 300 msec 900
 standby x priority 255
 standby x preempt
 ip igmp query-interval 15
end

 

 

Tunnel config

lanRtr_theSource#show run int tu5
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 245 bytes
!
interface Tunnel5
 ip address 172.30.x.xxx 255.255.255.252
 ip pim query-interval 15
 ip pim dense-mode
 ip igmp query-interval 15
 tunnel source Loopback5
 tunnel destination 172.17.x.x
end

 

dmzSwitch_theListener#show run int tu5
Building configuration...

Current configuration : 241 bytes
!
interface Tunnel5
 ip address 172.30.x.xxx 255.255.255.252
 ip pim query-interval 15
 ip pim dense-mode
 ip igmp query-interval 15
 tunnel source Vlanxxx
 tunnel destination 172.xx.x.xx
end

 

 

show ip igmp groups

lanRtr_theSource#show ip igmp groups
IGMP Connected Group Membership
Group Address    Interface                Uptime    Expires   Last Reporter   Group Accounted
239.192.0.11     GigabitEthernet0/0/X.XXX 03:47:24  00:02:35  0.0.0.0     

 

dmzSwitch_theListener#show ip igmp groups
IGMP Connected Group Membership
Group Address    Interface                Uptime    Expires   Last Reporter   Group Accounted
239.192.0.11     VlanXXX                  03:34:45  00:00:22  172.x.x.x  

 

 

show ip mroute

lanRtr_theSource#show ip mroute 239.192.0.11

(*, 239.192.0.11), 03:55:11/stopped, RP 0.0.0.0, flags: DC
  Incoming interface: Null, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list:
    Tunnel5, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    Tunnel4, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    Tunnel3, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.a, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.b, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.xxx, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.c, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.d, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.e, Forward/Dense, 03:55:11/stopped

(10.1.238.37, 239.192.0.11), 03:55:11/00:01:40, flags: PT
  Incoming interface: GigabitEthernet0/0/x.xxx, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list:
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.a, Prune/Dense, 03:55:10/00:00:52
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.b, Prune/Dense, 03:55:10/00:00:52
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.c, Prune/Dense, 03:55:09/00:00:53
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.d, Prune/Dense, 03:55:09/00:00:53
    GigabitEthernet0/0/x.e, Prune/Dense, 03:55:08/00:00:54
    Tunnel3, Prune/Dense, 00:01:49/00:01:29
    Tunnel4, Prune/Dense, 00:00:32/00:02:27
    Tunnel5, Prune/Dense, 00:01:04/00:01:55

 

dmzSwitch_theListener#show ip mroute 239.192.0.11

(*, 239.192.0.11), 03:50:04/stopped, RP 0.0.0.0, flags: DC
  Incoming interface: Null, RPF nbr 0.0.0.0
  Outgoing interface list:
    VlanXXX, Forward/Dense, 03:50:04/stopped
    TunnelX, Forward/Dense, 03:50:04/stopped

(10.1.238.37, 239.192.0.11), 00:22:51/00:00:59, flags: PT
  Incoming interface: Tunnel5, RPF nbr 172.xx.x.xxx, Mroute
  Outgoing interface list:
    VlanXXX, Prune/Dense, 00:04:59/00:00:56

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VIP Collaborator

Re: Sporadic multicast success

Hello,

Could it be that the tunnel is not the only route between the source and receiver? In other words, the tunnel is one possible path, but the aside from that do you expect other traffic to use the main interfaces for other connectivity. If that is the case, the firewall would block the multicast stream.

Not sure if it would work, but if you route all traffic between the two subnets through the tunnel, possibly with static routes, it may fix the issue. The only caveat there is that now you are tunneling everything through the firewall making it basically useless.

Hope this is of some help.

 

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