cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
cancel
1049
Views
0
Helpful
4
Replies
Highlighted
Beginner

Multihomed BGP - Who will advertise directly connected networks?

I am labing-up a scenario on my GNS3 from Cisco's site to practice HSRP, BGP and maybe grow the network later on to practice other protocols as well.

http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk365/technologies_configuration_example09186a0080093f2c.shtml

Everything is already configred and setup, except I don't have any interconnects routes advertized to any BGP processes on any routers, yet.

Interconnect networks as you cna see from the photo are:

192.168.31.0

192.168.42.0

192.168.63.0

192.168.64.0

screen shot.jpg

Obviously I cannot source these networks from every router, nor use redistribute connected on every router because I would get duplicate routes, so my question is: which routers would you use to originate these 4 networks from? I was thinking to use network command (or maybe even a route map) on ISPA for 192.168.31.0 and 192.168.63.0 networks, and ISPB for 192.168.42.0 and 192.168.64.0 networks.

What is the proper real world method for something like this, or there are more ways to do it properly?

Thanks in advance

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions
Highlighted

Hi Vanjaburic,

RIB failure is not an issue. You will see such output normally in case BGP route is not able to get installed in to routing table because a route with higher AD value is already there in routing table. Here we have static route.

more information on BGP RIB failure

http://blog.ioshints.info/2007/12/what-is-bgp-rib-failure.html

  • The RIB failure feature was introduced in IOS release 12.2T; prior to that, the BGP routes with higher administrative distance than other route sources were silently ignored (similar to all other routing protocols).
  • You can display BGP routes that are not inserted in the IP routing table with theshow ip bgp rib-failure command, which also explains why the BGP route was not inserted in the IP routing table.
  • The BGP routes that are not used due to higher administrative distance are still advertised to all BGP peers (contrary to what most other distance-vector routing protocols do), unless you configure bgp suppress-inactive (introducted in 12.2T and 12.0(26)S).

Regards,

Akash

View solution in original post

4 REPLIES 4
Highlighted
Cisco Employee

Hi Vanjaburic,

Normally what i have seen is, ip address of interconnect links belongs to upstream service provider. In the given scenario, network 192.168.31.0/24 and 192.168.63.0/24 would belong to ISP-A and 192.168.42.0/24 and 192.168.64.0/24 would belong to ISP-B. In real world we also dont need to advertise the interconnect wan ip into BGP because routing for actual destination is never dependent on these wan ips, but it could be part of a major network which is already advertised into internet by ISP.

Regards,

Akash

Highlighted

Thanks for the reply Akash. If I don't advertize those interconnects into BGP, then R1 and R2 won't be able to reach 192.168.63.0 and 192.168.64.0 networks. But if I do advertize them then I am runing into another probolem:

On routers R1 and R2 I am getting RIB failure because those networks are now known via BGP instead of directly connected.

R1:

R1#show ip bgp rib-failure

Network            Next Hop                      RIB-failure   RIB-NH Matches

192.168.31.0       192.168.31.3        Higher admin distance              n/a

R2:

R2#show ip bgp rib

Network            Next Hop                      RIB-failure   RIB-NH Matches

192.168.42.0       192.168.42.4        Higher admin distance              n/a

on R6 as well

R6#show ip bgp rib-failure

Network            Next Hop                      RIB-failure   RIB-NH Matches

192.168.63.0       192.168.63.3        Higher admin distance              n/a

192.168.64.0       192.168.64.4        Higher admin distance              n/a

Highlighted

Hi Vanjaburic,

RIB failure is not an issue. You will see such output normally in case BGP route is not able to get installed in to routing table because a route with higher AD value is already there in routing table. Here we have static route.

more information on BGP RIB failure

http://blog.ioshints.info/2007/12/what-is-bgp-rib-failure.html

  • The RIB failure feature was introduced in IOS release 12.2T; prior to that, the BGP routes with higher administrative distance than other route sources were silently ignored (similar to all other routing protocols).
  • You can display BGP routes that are not inserted in the IP routing table with theshow ip bgp rib-failure command, which also explains why the BGP route was not inserted in the IP routing table.
  • The BGP routes that are not used due to higher administrative distance are still advertised to all BGP peers (contrary to what most other distance-vector routing protocols do), unless you configure bgp suppress-inactive (introducted in 12.2T and 12.0(26)S).

Regards,

Akash

View solution in original post

Highlighted

Thanks for the reply. I did not know that RIB failure is not an issue. That makes more sense now. Because no matter what router I used to advertize those interconnects with, I would have encountered RIB failure.

Content for Community-Ad