I ran into this exact problem as well, fresh install of 8-202212 on Hyper-V and no HTTPd. I also tried a fresh install on Oracle Virtual Box and these exact same results. I had TAC on the call to prove exactly what I was seeing, SSH to the box but no HTTPS. There isnt much to input on the install other than one screen of hostname/ip/gw/dns.
My workaround, install a fresh copy of 8-202206. I SCP'd the 8-202212 upgrade .bin to "patches" directory and ran the upgrade. I am up and running on 8-202212 on Hyper-V.