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Beginner

Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Hi,

a Catalyst 4948 has CPU usage rising above our Alarm treshold (60%).

It does no harm to the production but I was curious and investigated the phenomenon.

I followed the troubleshooting path presented in this document https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/switches/catalyst-4000-series-switches/65591-cat4500-high-cpu.html.

I started to monitor the traffic send to the CPU and found several telnet session between a machine and several Cisco 25xx Terminal Servers.

I am surprised to see that kind of traffic forwarded at the CPU level. Does anybody has an explaination for that ?

 

Thanks

Hekho

 

 

9 REPLIES 9
Advocate

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Hi @hekho ,

 

Check this link:

https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/routers/7500-series-routers/41100-highcpu-exec.html

 

It has some information that could guide you with your doubt.

 

Regards

Beginner

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Hi,

 

thanks for your recommendation. I have to say the Catalyst itself is not involved in the telnet sessions.

The CPU rise seems to be correlated by Layer-2 forwarding as showned by K2CpuMan Review at the of CPU usage.

 

Thank you very much.

 

Hekho

Hall of Fame Community Legend

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

What IOS version is the appliance running on?
Beginner

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Thank you for your participation. The cat is running that old lady:  cat4000-i9s-mz.122-25.EWA11.bin

Hall of Fame Community Legend

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Would it make any difference if I say "upgrade the IOS"?
Beginner

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Ha ha. At the moment that's not an option otherwise I would have done it already :-D

And as I wrote, there's no impact on the production. The goal here is to understand why on earth telnet traffic and also LDAP make their way to the the CPU. That does not make sense to me.

VIP Expert

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

It goes to the CPU because the CPU deals with any processing not dealt with by special/dedicated (e.g. ASIC) hardware (which generally only handles "typical" data plane traffic).
Beginner

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Thanks for your comment. The telnet traffic I am talking about involves servers on the network not the switch itself. As far as I know, that should belong to data plane.

VIP Expert

Re: Telnet traffic going to WS-4948 CPU

Yes, if the telnet traffic is "transit", it should be processed like other transit (data plane) traffic. However, if there is something odd/unusual about those telnet packets, odd/unusual packets are punted up to the main CPU.

BTW, what's considered odd/unusual in packets can change with IOS versions, so Leo's suggestion to upgrade the IOS might be even more relevant.
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