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Pre-fragmentation and Link fragmentation and Interleaving questions

I'm going to study two features on security and network performance,  which are:

1- Pre-fragmentation (look ahead fragmentation)

2- Link fragmentation and Interleaving

I have some questions that need your help to answer the following:

> 1- Which cisco  series supports the two features?

> 2- Does Cisco 7206 IP router support any of these features?

> 3- How links and other devices which are not support pre-fragmentation would deal with the pre-fragmented IPsec  traffic?

> 4- Are there any difference between Cisco 7206 IP router and Cisco 7206 VXR?

> 5- I would going to simulate a network to study the above features. Could you have any support ( Ex:Disscus with you and experts the network model suggestions , features parameters and protocols' configurations, affects on performance and others)!

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Hi ;

"I'm completely lost with what you want to achieve. It makes no sense to me to want at the same time pre-fragmentation and PMTUD because the goal of PMTUD is to avoid fragmentation and save router resources !!!"

Laurent, Please refer to http://www.cisco.com/en/US/tech/tk827/tk369/technologies_white_paper09186a00800d6979.shtml

PMTU function doesn't mean to prevent fragmentation but just adjusting the MTU to avoid packet drop if fragmentation is in need; i know that the default setting for the DF is 1 when PMTU is enabled but you can clear the DF to allow fragment (like example 1 in the reference doc. at the above link)

" Actually the tunnel PMTUD will copy the DF bit of the inner packet to the GRE header so it may not be always 1."

Please refer to Senario 5 of the above reference: It mentions that PMTU is enabled and the DF bit is not copied when the IP packet is encapsulated by GRE.

Rose.

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Hi,

I'm sorry but I disagree. PMTUD will compute the MTU with which no fragmentation will occur on the path between a source and a destination. Packets drop + ICMP too big packet are just the way to determine this MTU value.

From the link you found :

" PMTUD was developed to avoid fragmentation in the path between the endpoints. It is used to dynamically determine the lowest MTU along the path from a packet's source to its destination."

In Scenario 5, the DF bit of the original packet is set to 0 so there is no PMTUD for data packet.

Scenario 6 describes PMTUD for both data and GRE in action: " with the tunnel path-mtu-discovery command, and the DF bit is copied from the original IP header to the GRE IP header"

Thanks,

Laurent.

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