How to Form a Catalyst 3850 Data-Stack and Power-Stack
This document describes the process to properly form a stack-wise and power stack with Cisco Catalyst 3850 switches. It also shows the use of some commands that will help to troubleshoot why a stack is not forming properly.
In order to be able to form a switch stack more than 2 switches must be used.
The IOS version used must be the same for all switches. (Software auto upgrade can be configure on a existing stack in order to automatically upgrade newly added switches).
The same mode must be used on all the switches INSTALL or BUNDLE mode.
The right type of cables must be used to achive stack completion. Be aware that cables for the 3750 platform do not work on the 3850 platform.
Cisco Catalyst 3850 switches.
Cisco 3850 Stack wise cables.
Cisco 3850 stack power cables.
The example below, shows how to properly connect a stack of six 3850 switches, together with a power-stack connection example.
Note: The process will be similar for stacks of 2,3,4,5,7,8 and 9 switches.
Each switch has two stack-wise ports(left), let's name the stack wise ports P1 and P2 as shown in the picture.
switch_1 P1 connects to switch_2 P2 (Green cable)
switch_2 P1 connects to switch_3 P2 ( Orange cable)
switch_3 P1 connects to switch_4 P2 (Purple cable)
switch_4 P1 connects to switch_5 P2 (Violet cable)
switch_5 P1 connects to switch_6 P2 (Yellow cable)
switch_6 P1 connects to switch_1 P2 (Brown cable)
Stack of six C3850 Switches.
Picture 1 Switches in a stack.
Below the steps that show how to cable the stack for power-stack configuration:
StackPower is a feature that allows the power supplies to share the load across multiple devices in a stack. By connecting the switches with power stack cables, the power supplies of up to four stack members can be managed as a one large power supply that provides power to all switches and to the powered devices connected to switch ports.
Each switch has two power-stack ports, lets call the ports A and B ( A top, B bottom)
From switch 1 port A we connect to switch 2 port B (pink cable). From switch 1 port B we connect to switch 4 port A (pale green cable) From switch 2 port A we connect to switch 3 port B (blue cable) From switch 3 port A we connect to switch 4 port B (red cable)
From switch 5 port A we connect to switch 6 port B (Red cable). From switch 6 port A we connect to switch 5 port B (pale blue cable)
Note: Be aware that currently up to four switches can be used on a power-stack configuration and up to nine for a data stack.
Adding a switch to the stack
Note: The switch to be added to the stack must be off. Otherwise, the hole stack will reload.
1.- Add the new switch to the stack by connecting the stack cables to the switch (every cable has a cisco logo on the connector, it must be in the upright position) as shown in the picture below (1):
Picture 2. How to connect the stack-wise cable. (Data cables)
2.- Once the stack-wise cables have been properly connected to the switch, power on the newly added switch either using the power supplies or the power-stack cables.
After the switch has come up, collect the following :
* show switch
* show switch stack-ports
* sh version
On the show switch output verify that the current state of all switches is READY.
Switch/Stack Mac Address : 6400.f125.1b80 - Local Mac Address Mac persistency wait time: Indefinite
H/W Current Switch# Role Mac Address Priority Version State --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- *1 Active 6400.f125.1b80 15 0 Ready 2 Standby 6400.f155.1dF0 14 0 Ready
On the show switch stack-ports verify that all the ports are shown as OK, that is an indication that the stack-wise cables are working properly:
Switch#show switch stack-ports
Switch # Port 1 Port 2 -------- ------ ------ 1 OK OK 2 OK OK
3 OK OK
4 OK OK 5 OK OK
6 OK OK
With the show version command, verify that all the switches on the stack have the same IOS version installed and that all of them have the same mode install or bundle.