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!!! GETTING STARTED with Cisco IOx


In this documents, it will trying to provide you overall picture in the IOx Community and IOx DevNet site.


If you are trying to develop apps on IOx, you may simply go to IOx Developer Guide at Cisco DevNet ( directly which includes all the details for IOx such as Introduction, Getting Started, Platforms, App Development, SDK, and FAQ for IOx developers.


Please note to use instead if the URL of is not available due to new update of web site.



Cisco IOx Development Guide


Cisco IOx DevNet home page is It covers the technical overview of IOx and how to develop applications for IOx. For details, please check the following ones.


1. Why IOx:

Please refer to and


2. What is IOx:

Please refer to


3. Get started with application development for IOx:

Please refer to It covers all the details for IOx introduction, IOx Quick start, IOx SDK, IOx applications development guide and examples, ioxclient tool, Troubleshooting, FAQ, etc. Please make sure to read all the documents before you start to develop applications for Cisco IOx.


4. IOx application development lifecycle:

IOx App Dev Lifecycle.png


5. Video of Getting Started with Cisco IOx:

The video show you how to get started with Cisco IOx. It covers the below topics.

  • how to check IR829 to support IOx,
  • how to install Fog Director and IOx SDK,
  • how to develop and deploy IOx applications with IOx SDK and Fog Director.
  • And Hello World is provided as an example for your reference.

Please refer to Video Link : 15494 for details.


6. IOx Downloads:

Go to or IOx Downloads Links from CCO . It includes all the related links for IOx 1.x such as IOS Bundle, IOXVM, Fog Director, ioxclient, IOx SDK, etc. Please notify you need a CCO account to download the related software. If you have no CCO, please send mail to "" and "" for request so that we could provide you a specific space from devnet.


7. IOx Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ):

Please go to FAQ tab in


8. IOx Release Notes:

Please go to Cisco IOx - Release Notes - Cisco for all the versions. The latest version of IOx is 1.4. Please refer to Release Notes for Cisco IOx, Release 1.4.0 - Cisco.





Cisco IOx Nodes


For Cisco IOx Industrial Routers, mainly there are ISR 819(C819), CGR1120/1240, and IR829/809. Here list the main OS and hardware(CPU, Memory, Flash storage) information for them.

Please see the details from the post of Cisco IOx Nodes (ISR819/CGR1120/1240/IR829/809/IR910) Hardware and Software Specification

For the detailed Supported Platforms of Cisco IOx, go to, and go to “Supported Platforms” on the left panel.




Cisco IR829/809


1. IR829/809 Hardware Installation Guide:

Cisco 829 Industrial Integrated Services Routers have a compact form factor, integrated 9-32 VDC power input, and multimode 3G and 4G LTE wireless WAN and WLAN connections. With it, you can rapidly deploy a wide variety of Internet of Things (IoT) solutions, including fleet management, mass transit, and remote asset monitoring. IR829 and IR809 are using the same architecture. The main difference between IR829 and IR809 is the support of WiFi, POE, the number of GE ports, etc. For the Hardware Installation Guide, please refer to Cisco IR829 Industrial Integrated Services Router Hardware Installation Guide - Cisco. For how to connect Console and the DC power, please refer to the below links in Hardware Installation Guide.

Connecting a Terminal or PC to the Console Port

Connecting to DC Power


2. IR829/809 IOx Installation and Configuration:

Before you install or upgrade your bundle image, you need to configure IR829 for network access. For detailed IOx configuration guide, please refer to the post: or IOx Configuration on IR829

For the image install or upgrade, you may get the new bundle from Cisco Systems CCO IR829 (you need the CCO account to download them.).  Here are the steps for installing IR829 new bundle as an example:

IR800# copy scp://userid@scpServerIp/ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-1.T1.bin flash:

IR800# bundle install flash:ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-1.T1.bin

IR800# write memory

IR800# reload


3. IR829/809 Guest OS Installation and Upgrade

There is the Guest OS installed by default. You don't need to install a new one. However if you have to install a new one, you may get the new Guest OS image from Cisco Systems CCO IR829 or Cisco Systems CCO IR809 for example and put it to the flash of IR829/809. Here are the steps as an example.

IR800# copy scp://userid@scpServerIp//ir829/ir800-ioxvm- flash:

IR800# guest-os 1 stop

IR800# guest­-os 1 image uninstall

IR800# guest-os 1 image install flash:ir800-ioxvm- verify

IR800# guest-os 1 start

It is also possible to install the Guess OS image from the bundle with the option of "exclude HV-IOS". For example: "bundle install flash:ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-3.M1.bin exclude HV-IOS".


4. IR829/809 IOx PaaS Application Development and Deployment:

IR829/809 is using a dual-core Intel processor with X86 architecture (64bit). It has 2GB DDR3 memory, and 8GB flash memory (4GB usable). Cisco provides the IOx SDK and IOx Sandbox for application development. IR829/809 IOx and IOx Sandbox support the PaaS and Container Style applications including Java, Python, LXC applications. Please refer to Cisco DevNet IOx Develop Guide for details.

Cisco provides the IOx Sandbox to simulate the IOx environment if you have no physical IR829, and IOx SDK for IOx application development. Please make sure to use the same version of 1.1.0 for IOx SDK, Fog Director, and IOx Sandbox, or there may be some non-compatibility for some older version.

Once the applications are development and its packages are created, Cisco provides the IOx Local Manager or Fog Director for applications installation. IOx Local Manager is for the specific IOx node while IOx Fog Director is central management for applications and devices.

Here are the application development examples for IOx, and it covers all the above details as example:


5. LXC Application Development On IR829/809 IOx:

Please refer to LXC Applicaton Development on Cisco IR829 IOx.pdf. It needs the new version (1.1 and later) of IOx SDK and IR829 IOx images. And you may refer to (Go to App Development) for PaaS, LXC, and Docker application development as well.


6. Docker Application Development on IR829/809 IOx:

From the version of IOx 1.2, Cisco IOx supports Docker. Please refer to (Go to the tab of "App Development", and go to "Docker Apps" or "Docker Demo Apps"). Please note it may need to add the TAG for the specific images when you are trying to package docker apps. For details, please refer to ioxclient : error packaging docker style apps when tag is omitted..


7. IR829/809 Serial Interface Configuration:

From the version of 15.6, IR829 could support serial interfaces. Please make sure to upgrade your IR829 to version of formal version of 15.5.3M0a first before upgrading it to 15.6. (The early version of 15.5.2 or others could NOT be upgraded to 15.6 directly or there is some issue.)

The serial interface configuration for IR829/809 is quite similar with CGR1000. For details, please refer to the post of Accessing Serial Interface on IR829 through GOS. Here is an example for RS232 configure the first serial interface of IR829.

interface Async0

  no ip address

  encapsulation relay-line

line 1

  transport preferred none

  transport input all

  stopbits 1

  speed 115200

relay line 1 1/5

For RS485, you need to set the media-type as rs485 for the SERIAL 0. Please note, the SERIAL 0 supports RS-232 and RS-485 (DCE), and SERIAL 1 supports RS-232 (DTE) only.

interface Async0

no ip address

encapsulation relay-line


media-type rs485




Cisco ISR 819 (C819)


1. C819 IOx Supported Model:

Only the C819 with 4G supports IOx, and the C819 with WiFi (without 4G) does not support IOx as to the different processor. For the list of all the supported platforms of C819, it is listed in Page 2 of Cisco IOx Local Manager User Guide.pdf in detail.

C819 is using a PowerPC processor, and all the applications will be running on the PowerPC architecture. The C819 IOx SDK provides all the tool chains for the applications development.


2. C819 IOx Install and Upgrade:

To install or upgrade C819 IOx version, get the IOx Image from Cisco CCO: Cisco C819 Universal IOx 15.5 or (15.6) first. And then put it to C819 IOS through SCP, TFTP, FTP, or HTTP. Here are the steps to boot with the new version of C819 IOx image. How to upgrade the IOS image on C819

819#copy scp://devnet@ flash:

819#conf t

819(config)#boot system flash c800-universalk9_iox-mz.SPA.155-3.M.bin


819#write memory



3. C819 IOx Configuration:

Go to and click "ISR 8xx Platforms" of "IOx Enabled Devices (=Platforms)" to see the details.


4. C819 IOx Application Development:

Use the IOx SDK to generate VM packaged applications. For PaaS style applications, currently C829 IOx only support Python. Java is not supported yet due to the license issue for PowerPC platform. For details, please refer to

Please make sure to use an English version Chrome instead of non-English version one. Re: localmanager UI not starting, some js not found


5. C819 Modbus RTU Client Application:

C819 IOx supports Modbus by default. Here is an example to get the temperature from the sensor over serial interface with Modbus standard. It covers all the details for the hardware environment, configuration, sample codes, etc. C819 IOx Modbus RTU Client Application Setup Guide.pdf. And the document also provide how to configure the serial interface for Guest OS accessing (in Chapter 3.2).

interface Serial0

  physical-layer async

  no ip address

  encapsulation raw-tcp


line 7

  raw-socket tcp client 32000


6. How to set the static IP address for PaaS/LXC/Docker style applications?

Please refer to the post of How to set Static IP address to PaaS/LXC.




Cisco IE4000


1. Cisco IE4000 Hardware Installation Guide:

Please refer to Cisco IE 4000 Switch Hardware Installation Guide - Cisco


2. Cisco IE4000 IOx support:

Cisco IE4000 supports IOx now. You may download the related package (such as "IOX COMPUTE PLATFORM FIRMWARE WITH IOS BUNDLE") from CCO. And you may refer to (Go to Platforms --> IE4K Platforms) for how to enable/configure IOx on IE4000.


3. Application Develop on Cisco IE4000 IOx:

Please refer to (Go to Platforms --> IE4K Platforms for how to enable/configure IOx on IE4000, and go to App Development --> Native Demo Apps --> Build and Install (Select the target machine to build this application for "YOCTO_MACHINE ?= ie4k") for IE4000 IOx app development).




Cisco CGR1120/1240


1. CGR1120/1240 IOx FAQs:

See the post of Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) for the CGR1120/1240 IOx FAQs. It covers all the general questions for below items.

Please notify, the CGR1120/1240 is using an Intel processor. All the applications will be running on the X86 architecture (32bit). Cisco does not provide cross-compiling tools for the Yocto Linux environment.  It is a 32-bit x86 Linux with kernel 3.8 and standard libraries. Any 32-bit binary compiled on a similar Linux version should work on Yocto as well (for example, Ubuntu 14.04.1 32bit).  And you may install the applications or packages with RPM in the CGR1120/1240 Guest OS.


2. CGR1120/1240 Connected Grid Solution and Connected Grid Endpoint related:

Here we list the related topics for CGR and CGE though it is not specific for IOx. Basically CGR1120 is for indoors while CGR1240 is for outdoors. Please refer to Content Migration Guide from CDN Portal to DevNet Communities Portal


3. Migrate CGR from CG-OS to IOx, or Downgrad CGR from IOx to CG-OS:

You can download the IOx or CG-OS images from Cisco CCO. Cisco CGR IOS or Cisco CGR CG-OS

For Migrate CGR from CG-OS to IOx: Migrate CGR from CG-OS to IOx

For Downgrade CGR from IOx to CG-OS: Downgrade from IOx to NXOS(CG-OS)


4. CGR1120/1240 IOx Application Development

The docucument of CGRAppDeveloperGuide.pdf covers how to develop application for CGR1120/1240. You may aslo refer to CGR1000 IOx Application Development Cook Book.pdf which aslo provides the C/C++, Java, Python, and related samples of Modbus, MQTT, CoAP and other applications for CGR1120/1240 IOx.




Cisco Fog Director, IOx Local Manager and Kinetic


IOx Local Manager comes once the Cisco IOx device is installed and configured successfully. It only applies for the device itself. For Fog Director, it could manage the IOx applications and many IOx devices including ISR819, IR829/809, etc in the same time, and you need to install it separately in a server.


1. Fog Director Installation and Configuration:

Download the OVA version of Fog Director 1.1.0 from Cisco Systems. Please refer to Cisco Fog Director Reference Guide, Release 1.1 - Cisco for how to install, configure and use Fog Director (formerly App Manager).


2. IOx Local Manager User Guide:

Please refer to Cisco IOx Local Manager Reference Guide, Release 1.1 - Cisco. It may apply for both IR829 IOx and IOx Sandbox.

To access the Local Manager of IR829/809 and ISR819, you need to configure  the user in Cisco IOS with "privilege 15". For example, "username cisco privilege 15 password 0 cisco".


3. Use English version of Chrome to access IOx Local Manager:

To access the Local Manager of C819 or IR829, the Local Manager UI may not be prompted successfully due to a non-English version of Chrome. Please try to use an English version of Chrome to access Local Manager. You may set Chrome to ENGLISH version as following setting.

Settings -> Show advanced settings -> Language and inputs settings -> Add English (United States) -> Display Google Chrome in this language

For details, please refer to: Re: localmanager UI not starting, some js not found.


4. ioxclient:

ioxclient is a tool for the developer. Please go to "IOxclient Reference" of "Cisco DevNet IOx Develop Guide" for details.

To access IR829/809 and ISR819, you need to configure  the user in Cisco IOS with "privilege 15". For example, "username cisco privilege 15 password 0 cisco".


5. Kinetic:

Cisco Kinetic is an IoT data fabric — a distributed system of software designed specifically to extract, compute, and move data from the things that make up the IoT to the various applications where it can provide value. The core Cisco Kinetic platform includes three software modules that provide the functionality customers need to extract, compute, and move data to achieve desired business outcomes.

  • Gateway Management Module
  • Edge & Fog Processing Module
  • Data Control Module

Please refer to, Cloud and Systems Management - Cisco Edge Fog Fabric - Cisco, and Cisco Kinetic.





Cisco IOx Service


IOx Services infrastructure provides framework for developing micro services that can offer off the shelf capabilities to the IOx application developers like below.

  • Build a Protocol handler that can support all types of devices that communicate using the specific device protocol. Example of a protocol could be modbus, DNP3, CANBUS, profinet etc.,
  • Reduce the data to the cloud by applying filters and aggregation primitives and reduce data before being sent to cloud/data center applications.
  • Analyze the data at the edge using rule engines and facilitate local decision making in case of connectivity failures to cloud or data center.
  • Store and forward data to avoid data loses during connectivity failures

For details, please refer to


1. Cisco IOx Service Developer Guide:

Please refer to for details.


2. Cisco IOx Service SDK:

Please refer to for details.







1. MQTT and CoAP, IoT Protocols:

MQTT and CoAP are two of most promising IoT Procotols for small devices. You may refer to the post of MQTT and CoAP, IoT Protocols for more details. And you may build the applications or libraries with the specific tool chain and deploy them in IOx of C819, CGR1120/1240, and IR829/809.

In document of CGR1000 IOx Application Development Cook Book.pdf, Chapter 3.2.2 and 3.2.3 covers how develop the MQTT applications for CGR1000 IOx. For IR829/809, it is some similar. You may use LXC or Docker container style applications. For details, please refer to  (Go to App Development --> Native Demo Apps or Docker Demo Apps --> C, C++ Simple App).

For MQTT Broker, you may use mosquitto. For the MQTT client, you may use paho for the client in C, Python, Java, etc. language.


2. Modbus RTU Client applications:

In the document of C819 IOx Modbus RTU Client Application Setup Guide.pdf, it covers all the details for how to develop Modbus RTU Client applications for C819.

And in the document of CGR1000 IOx Application Development Cook Book.pdf, Chapter 3.2.1 covers how to develop Modbus RTU Client application for CGR1000.

For IR829/809, you may use PaaS(Python), LXC, or Docker container style app. For C language, it should be compiled with the X86 64bit gcc with the open source project of "libmodbus". For Python, it needs to add the modules of "pyserial" and "MinimalModbus".


3. Configure SSH in IOS:

Please refer to the post:  Configure SSH in IOS. For details, please visit Configuring Secure Shell on Routers and Switches Running Cisco IOS - Cisco

It works for all devices of C819, CGR1120/1240, and IR829/809.


4. Serial Interfaces for CGR1240 and IR829:

C819 and CGR1120 are using DB9 serial interfaces. But CGR1240 and IR829 are using RJ45 interface for their serial ports. Please make sure to use the RJ45-to-DB9 serial cable following the EIA-561 standard. The Cisco RJ45-to-DB9 Serial Console Cable does not follow the EIA-561 standard, and is not compatible with CGR1240 and IR829 RJ45 serial ports.

You may make the adapter of "RJ45 to DB9 Straight Connector" for IR829 by your own with the guide of RJ45_DB9_Assembeling_Guide

Please notify, for IR829, there are two serial interfaces. The SERIAL 0 supports RS-232 and RS-485 (DCE), and SERIAL 1 supports RS-232 (DTE) only.


5. Modbus and DNP3 Communication Protocols:

Modbus and DNP3 are two of most popular communication protocols between components in process automation systems. Please refer to the post of Modbus and DNP3 Communication Protocols for details.


Having some issues with an image update.  IR829 going from ir800-universalk9-mz.SPA.155-3.M to ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-2.T.  Here's what is happening:

DALABCRS15WAN01A#bund install flash:/ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-2.T.bin

Installing bundle image: /ir800-universalk9-bundle.SPA.156-2.T.bin.....................................................................................................................

updating Hypervisor image..

%Error copy from scp://*:*@ to bootstrap:ir800-hv.srp.SPA.0.37

Failed to install hypervisor image!

Can't really find anything that addresses this issue - or logs that might tell me what's going on.  I have stopped the Guest OS and retried, no luck.


Hi Brett,

I am not seeing this particular issue, but I followed the instructions at the tail end of IOx Configuration on IR829.  to success.  Did you happen to uninstall the image as well or just stop it?


Good suggestion.  As I was not using the Guest OS at the moment, I went ahead and gave uninstalling it a shot.  Unfortunately, I'm still having the same issue.  The OS image bundle install fails when it tries to deploy the hypervisor.

Also, in case it comes up, running at privilege level 15.

Steve Zhang
Cisco Employee

Hi Brett,

Do you have enough spaces in IR829 flash? It is better to have 500MB free of spaces when you are trying to upgrade a new bundle image. Hope it helps.




Thank you for the suggestion.  I did consider drive space, but did not know about the recommended minimum.  However, I do have plenty of space available:

994918400 bytes total (766115840 bytes free)

If I were to try to debug the install, what debug might I want to enable?

Steve Zhang
Cisco Employee

Hi Brett,

I am trying to get how to debug it from team, and back to you.

Meanwhile, you may try to upgrade it to 156-1 first.


I have narrowed it down to something in my config.  If I clear the config and do the bundle install, it works.  I now need to narrow down what is conflicting.


Just a follow up here - the issue was related to SSH configuration on the device.  Here is the offending line -

ip ssh source-interface Loopback0

Enabling ssh on the Loopback0 interface causes the bundle install to fail.

Community Member

Hi Steve,

To access the GPS data from the 829 I need to install the following packages

-  iox-gps-service-1.0.0.tar 

- iox-core-services-1.0.0.tar

These are available at the following links: - contains the Core services tar. - GPS alpha release tar

But when I try to access these using my CCO login, it says that I am not authorized. Is there any additional permissions required to access these pages.



Steve Zhang
Cisco Employee

Only the authorized Cisco solution partners could access the above links.


Are there updated files for the CGOS to IOS Migration for the CGR1000? Tried with the below file set and it is NOT working.

  1. IOX system image: cgr1000-universalk9-mz.SPA.156-3.M3
  2. Migration image: cgr1000-uk9-migration.5.2.1.CG4.4.5.SSA.gbin
  3. Hypervisor image:  cgr1000-hv.srp.SPA.2.0.12

sh version on the CGR output:


BIOS:      version 12 Production

BIOS:      date    06/27/2012

CPLD: version 20

loader:    version N/A

  kickstart: version 5.2(1)CG4(5)

system:    version 5.2(1)CG4(5)

  kickstart image file is: bootflash:///


  kickstart compile time:  1/15/2016 15:00:00 [01/15/2016 18:38:59]

  system image file is:    bootflash:///cgr1000-uk9.5.2.1.CG4.5.SPA.bin

  system compile time:     1/15/2016 15:00:00 [01/15/2016 18:47:14]


  Cisco CGR1240 weather-proof, 4 CGM slots for AMI and DA ID FTX2118G02H

  Intel(R) Atom(TM) CPU E640   with 1020092 kB of memory.

  Processor Board ID FOC21126JYN

  Device name: CGRFTX2118G02H

bootflash:    1062985 kB

Kernel uptime is 0 day(s), 13 hour(s), 25 minute(s), 42 second(s)


  Core Plugin, Ethernet Plugin


Please see below error:

CGRFTX2118G02H# load migration_copy

Loading plugin version 5.2(1)CG4(5)


  Warning: debug-plugin is for engineering internal use only!

  For security reason, plugin image has been deleted.


Successfully loaded migration plugin!!!

Start NXOS/NXT migration

Verifying hypervisor image...

Hypervisor signature verification was successful

Verifying IOS image...

Unzip IOS image...

Starting image verification

IOS signature verification was successful

Set autoboot values...

Upgrading BIOS...

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - get_boot_rom_select() returned: 3

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->size = 2

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->opcode_addr = 2667577344

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->control = 48

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val1 = 32

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val2 = 186

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val3 = 23

*** Error: BIOS PROM ID1 = 0xba is not supported

Running BIOS version is: display_bios_prom_type: INFO - get_boot_rom_select() returned: 3

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->size = 2

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->opcode_addr = 2667577344

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - bios_prom->control = 48

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val1 = 32

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val2 = 186

display_bios_prom_type: INFO - reg_val3 = 23

*** Error: BIOS PROM ID1 = 0xba is not supported

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