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Beginner

Internal Firewall Placement

Gents,

 

I've a scenario where:

 

1) All my servers are directly connected to the Core switch.

2) I have only one external firewall that's sitting between the Core and Border Gateway router connected to the internet.

 

Now client needs their servers to be protected from the internal threats as well.

 

Luckily, I managed to arrange another ASA that can be used as an internal firewall but don't know where it will sit as all my servers are directly connected to Core switch and we do not have a separate server farm node.

Below is the topology

FW.jpg

Please advise!

 

Kind Regards

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VIP Mentor

Re: Internal Firewall Placement

There are multiple options available here. one common scenario is to use the firewall on a stick:

Lets assume your users are on VLAN10, your servers are on VLAN20. On the core-switch you have two vlan-interfaces for VLAN10 and vlan20.

You connect the ASA with a port-channel to the core-switch. On that port-channel you configure a new subinterface for vlan30. This interface will become a transfer-network between the core and the ASA.

On the Core-switch you remove the VLAN-interface for VLAN20 and configure that also as a subinterface of the ASA. On the core you configure also VLAN30 and use the ASA-IP of VLAN30 as the next-hop for the server-VLANs. On the ASA you need a default-route pointing to the core-IP of VLAN30.

Optionally you could use the ASA in transparent mode which would remove the additional transfer-network. And if you want to firewall most to all traffic, then you could just move all VLAN-interfaces to the ASA and have only the ASA as L3-instance.

Have you also thought about that this internal firewall needs quite much throughput and also has to be redundant?

Highlighted
Beginner

Re: Internal Firewall Placement

Thanks Brother,

 

Considering the below (one of the options you discussed) whenever an operational staff member needs to access something from the business unit data resources, the traffic needs to hit the firewall and the connection needs to be approved there on ASA.

 

Is there anything wrong is this design, please let me know 

 

BTW I'm not configuring any VRFs here, just VLANs.

 

FW.jpg

Highlighted
VIP Mentor

Re: Internal Firewall Placement

You would put the SVIs for the critical applications on the firewall to protect them. The uncritical applications can still be handled (with more throughput) on the core.

Highlighted
Beginner

Re: Internal Firewall Placement

Thanks Bro, seems in this case I do not even need to create the sub-interface.

I mean I just need to configure the SVIs of critical app servers' vlans and rest all the gateways stay on the CORE.

Let me know if there's still need of sub-interfaces.