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Beginner

How to load balancing in BGP

Hi,

I have some questions regarding BGP

1.Can BGP perform load-balancing? If so how?

2.What is AS-PATH attribute in BGP and does it come into picture while doing load balancing.?

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2 ACCEPTED SOLUTIONS

Accepted Solutions
Beginner

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hi Giuseppe,

 

Thanks for the reply.I understood properly but a small doubt remains still.

 

"In addition to this, the old default way to compare BGP advertisements could lead to non deterministic choices when comparing multiple eBGP routes..

What is a deterministic and non-deterministic choice as per BGP?

 

The bgp best-path deterministic-med removes this non deterministic behaviour by comparing first all eBGP routes coming from the same peer AS and choicing the one with the lowest MED"

For example if route is being learnt from the same peer AS then the 2 routers will form iBGP neighborship right? since these 2 routers belong to the same AS.

I didnt get the last point.Kindly help me on this

 

Hall of Fame Expert

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hello Mani3,

I am afraid I have added too many details in my first post.

However . here when I say two eBGP routes coming from same peer AS I mean something like:

 

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.5  with AS path attribute 65000 65001 i    MED 100

 

AS 65000 the leftmost is the peer AS, AS 65001 that originated the prefix is the origin AS.

 

MED is  a parameter that is set by configuration.

By default MED values are considered comparable only if the eBGP routes are arriving from the same peer AS (the leftmost AS number).

By default the two following eBGP routes are not comparable for the MED attribute

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.17.52.5  with AS path attribute :65102 65001 i   MED 500

because the peer AS is different 65000 in first path and 65102 in second path.

 

The bgp always-compare med allows to make MED comparisons even if the peer AS is different.

 

The bgp deterministic-med is used to solve a possible issue with choice of best path among multiple eBGP routes.

 

see the following document that explains the difference between the two commands:

 

https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/16046-bgp-med.html?dtid=osscdc000283

 

>> For example if route is being learnt from the same peer AS then the 2 routers will form iBGP neighborship right? since these 2 routers belong to the same AS.

 

No,  I am referring to two different eBGP routes like the following example:

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.5  with AS path attribute 65000 65001 i    MED 100

 

As explained above the peer AS is the leftmost AS in the AS path.

 

Hope to help

Giuseppe

 

6 REPLIES 6
VIP Mentor

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hello,

 

there are numerous ways to perform load balancing in BGP. It all depends on your topology. Have a look at the link below, which has sample configs (also AS Path related) for various topologies...

 

https://showipbgp.com/sample-cisco-bgp-configuration-by-topology/

Beginner

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hi Goerg,

 

Thanks a lot for the link.It is really useful

Hall of Fame Expert

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hello Mani3,

first of all, we need to distinguish between eBGP and iBGP

 

BGP by default does not perform load balancing but it can be configured to use more the one paths.

EBGP  (wider support)

router bgp 65000

maximum-paths 4

 

iBGP  (when supported )

router bgp 65000

maximum-paths ibgp 4

 

However, to be able to use multiple advertisements those advertisements must be comparable on the first criteria of BGP best path selection:

there must be a tie or parity for the attributes:

weight

local preference

AS path length

Origin type (internal better then ?, code e stands for EGP and is never seen in modern networks )

MED  (it can be set or not, when not set the default is to consider it zero, this can be changed to consider a missing MED as highest possible value. If this choice is made it must be configured on all routers)

bgp always-compare med and bgp deterministic-med are recommended in modern BGP implementations.

by default MED is compared only for advertisements coming from the same peer AS.

In addition to this, the old default way to compare BGP advertisements could lead to non deterministic choices when comparing multiple eBGP routes. The bgp best-path deterministic-med removes this non deterministic behaviour by comparing first all eBGP routes coming from the same peer AS and choicing the one with the lowest MED

 

Neighbor type (eBGP is preferred over iBGP)

IGP metric to next-hop (used in iBGP).

 

The BGP AS path attribute length is a parameter that usually is used to choice the best path the shortest AS path is preferred.

The command bgp best-path as-path ignore can be used to skip this check in best path selection in some specific scenarios. However, this is not recommended.

 

 

Hope to help

Giuseppe

 

Beginner

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hi Giuseppe,

 

Thanks for the reply.I understood properly but a small doubt remains still.

 

"In addition to this, the old default way to compare BGP advertisements could lead to non deterministic choices when comparing multiple eBGP routes..

What is a deterministic and non-deterministic choice as per BGP?

 

The bgp best-path deterministic-med removes this non deterministic behaviour by comparing first all eBGP routes coming from the same peer AS and choicing the one with the lowest MED"

For example if route is being learnt from the same peer AS then the 2 routers will form iBGP neighborship right? since these 2 routers belong to the same AS.

I didnt get the last point.Kindly help me on this

 

Hall of Fame Expert

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hello Mani3,

I am afraid I have added too many details in my first post.

However . here when I say two eBGP routes coming from same peer AS I mean something like:

 

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.5  with AS path attribute 65000 65001 i    MED 100

 

AS 65000 the leftmost is the peer AS, AS 65001 that originated the prefix is the origin AS.

 

MED is  a parameter that is set by configuration.

By default MED values are considered comparable only if the eBGP routes are arriving from the same peer AS (the leftmost AS number).

By default the two following eBGP routes are not comparable for the MED attribute

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.17.52.5  with AS path attribute :65102 65001 i   MED 500

because the peer AS is different 65000 in first path and 65102 in second path.

 

The bgp always-compare med allows to make MED comparisons even if the peer AS is different.

 

The bgp deterministic-med is used to solve a possible issue with choice of best path among multiple eBGP routes.

 

see the following document that explains the difference between the two commands:

 

https://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/16046-bgp-med.html?dtid=osscdc000283

 

>> For example if route is being learnt from the same peer AS then the 2 routers will form iBGP neighborship right? since these 2 routers belong to the same AS.

 

No,  I am referring to two different eBGP routes like the following example:

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.1  with AS path attribute :65000 65001 i   MED 50

10.10.10.0/24    via 172.16.50.5  with AS path attribute 65000 65001 i    MED 100

 

As explained above the peer AS is the leftmost AS in the AS path.

 

Hope to help

Giuseppe

 

Highlighted
Beginner

Re: How to load balancing in BGP

Hi Giuseppe,

 

Thank you very much.Really you nailed it. Now i understood clearly the difference between bgp deterministic-med and bgp-always-compare med.

 

Thanks a lot sir. :)

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