cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
cancel
2074
Views
0
Helpful
6
Replies
Highlighted
Beginner

Outbound discards on an interface?

I have a 3945 router with an ethernet wan connection. I'm applying qos and shaping to the interface. The counters are showing a considerable number of outbound discards. I am wondering why that is as the link is only 50% utilised. What should i check?

6 REPLIES 6
Highlighted
VIP Expert

Hello,

 

how do you measure link utilisation ? Most tools or graphs are not granular enough to account for traffic bursts that cause output drops, so even if link utilization (which is based on averages) seems low, output drops might still occur. 

 

Can you post the QoS policy you have applied, as well as the output of 'show interfaces x' where 'x' is the interface that has the output drops ?

Highlighted

@Georg Pauweni would have thought that the use of shaping rather than policing would preclude the possibility of discards. At least until the buffers/queues fill up. How would i check if the queues/buffers are filling up? My QoS policy is:

 

interface GigabitEthernet0/1

description 20 MB Link To Carrier

bandwidth 20000

ip address 10.42.250.1 255.255.255.248

ip wccp 62 redirect in

duplex auto

speed auto

service-policy output GWIP-SHAPE

 

policy-map GWIP-SHAPE

class class-default

  shape average 19800000

   service-policy PM-WAN-QUEUE

 

policy-map PM-WAN-QUEUE

class CM-VOICE

  priority percent 18

class CM-INTERACTIVE-VIDEO

  bandwidth percent 15

class CM-CALL-SIGNALLING

  bandwidth percent 5

  random-detect dscp-based

class CM-NETWORK-CONTROL

  bandwidth percent 5

class CM-CRITICAL-DATA

  bandwidth percent 27

  random-detect dscp-based

class CM-BULK-DATA

  bandwidth percent 4

  random-detect dscp-based

class CM-SCAVENGER

  bandwidth percent 1

class class-default

  fair-queue

  random-detect dscp-based

Highlighted
Hall of Fame Master

Hello jmcgrady1,

you should compare the following two show commands

show interface <WAN>

! look for output drops here

 

and

show policy-map interface <WAN>

! look for drops in each class including class class-default if you have a parent shaper policy.

 

If drops appear only on show interface you are only facing drops caused by traffic bursts if drops are in the other show command means the software queues used to delay packets when shaping are sometimes full.

 

Hope to help

Giuseppe

 

Highlighted

I'm revamping my policy as follows

class-map match-all CM-REALTIME

   match ip dscp ef cs3 cs5 af41 af42

class-map match-any CM-CRITICAL

   match ip dscp af31 cs6 cs7 cs2 af21 af22

class-map match-any CM-BULK-DATA

   match ip dscp af11 af12

 

policy-map PM-WAN-QUEUE
 class CM-REALTIME
  priority percent 33
 class CM-CRITICAL
  bandwidth remaining percent 80
  fair-queue
 class CM-BULK-DATA
  bandwidth remaining percent 1
  fair-queue
 class class-default
  bandwidth remaining percent 9
  queue-limit 1600 packets
  fair-queue

 

Some questions:

Do i need to include "random-detect dscp-based" in my policy map class statements?

Whats the recommendation as to when to include "fair queue" in the class statements?

Should i tune the "queue-limit" for each class?

Do i need to include a scavenger class (cs1)?

Highlighted

An item of interest from the show policy-map interface X output is:

Class-map: class-default (match-any)

          10423137 packets, 9966185196 bytes

          5 minute offered rate 8668000 bps, drop rate 0000 bps

          Match: any

          Queueing

          queue limit 4000 packets

          (queue depth/total drops/no-buffer drops/flowdrops) 0/4487/0/4487

          (pkts output/bytes output) 10418650/9960660664

          bandwidth remaining 9%

Is there a command i can run which would give me more detail?  eg; dscp tag of dropped traffic, source or dest IP, or protocol? This is a gigabit ethernet interface shaped down to 20mb/s.

Highlighted

Hello jmcgrady1,

the most important fact is the number of output drops in class class-default is low compared to the total number of output packets in same class.

 

ratio is : 4487 /(4487 + 10418650 ) = 4,3048460362748757883543121423042e-4

 

There is no way to get more detais on dropped packets, however you have a GE interface with a 20 Mbps parent shaper and the class class-default gets only remaining percent 9% of those 20 Mbps.

I think this is acceptable in your scenario.

It is important to compare the output drops on show interface with the drops showed in show policy-map interface if the two numbers match or are very close all drops are performed by the shaper, otherwise if the total output drops at interface level is much greater then those seen in the show policy-map interface the drops caused by bursts of traffic are dominant.

 

Hope to help

Giuseppe