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neil grant
Beginner

Performance Routing Basic Load-balancing

Hello,

I have a requirement to set up PFR as a load balancing mechanism for i/eBGP (LAB environment for the moment)

Topology:

              Iperf Client192.168.1.254

                                I

                                I

Primary 20Mb --------iBGP--------Secondary 5Mb

    I                                                I

    I                                                I  

    I                                                I

eBGP  (PE)                                eBGP  (PE)

    I                                                  I

    I                                                  I

    I                                                  I  

Primary 20Mb --------iBGP--------Secondary 5Mb

                                  I

                                  I

                                  I

                                  I

                  Iperf Server192.168.3.254

Now when generating TCP traffic with Iperf i only seem to be getting the 20Mb despite the prefix 192.168.3.0/24 being OOP:

Mar 11 16:51:25.675: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Range OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100, percent 28. Other BR 192.168.1.2, i/f Gi0/0, percent 0

Mar 11 16:51:25.675: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Exit 192.168.1.1 intf Gi0/0.100 OOP, Tx BW 5730, Rx BW 246, Tx Load 28, Rx Load 1

Mar 11 16:51:45.907: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Range OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100, percent 80. Other BR 192.168.1.2, i/f Gi0/0, percent 0

Mar 11 16:51:45.907: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Load OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100,  load 16104 policy 12000

Mar 11 16:51:45.907: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Exit 192.168.1.1 intf Gi0/0.100 OOP, Tx BW 16104, Rx BW 685, Tx Load 80, Rx Load 3

Mar 11 16:52:05.739: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Range OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100, percent 70. Other BR 192.168.1.2, i/f Gi0/0, percent 0

Mar 11 16:52:05.739: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Load OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100,  load 14072 policy 12000

Mar 11 16:52:05.739: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Exit 192.168.1.1 intf Gi0/0.100 OOP, Tx BW 14072, Rx BW 594, Tx Load 70, Rx Load 2

If someone could point out where i am going wrong it would be appreciated:

Border          Status  UP/DOWN            AuthFail  Version

192.168.1.1      ACTIVE  UP      00:08:04          0  3.0

Gi0/1          INTERNAL UP

Gi0/0.100      EXTERNAL UP

External            Capacity      Max BW  BW Used    Load Status          Exit Id

Interface            (kbps)      (kbps)    (kbps)    (%)

---------          --------      ------  ------- ------- ------          ------

Gi0/0.100      Tx    20000      12000    18473      92 UP                    2

                Rx                20000      800      4

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Border          Status  UP/DOWN            AuthFail  Version

192.168.1.2      ACTIVE  UP      00:08:04          0  3.0

Gi0/0          EXTERNAL UP

Gi0/1          INTERNAL UP

External            Capacity      Max BW  BW Used    Load Status          Exit Id

Interface            (kbps)      (kbps)    (kbps)    (%)

---------          --------      ------  ------- ------- ------          ------

Gi0/0          Tx      5000        4500        0      0 UP                    1

                Rx                  5000        0      0

Customer_PE#

key chain pfr

key 0

  key-string cisco

pfr master

max-range-utilization percent 10

logging

!

border 192.168.1.1 key-chain pfr

  interface GigabitEthernet0/1 internal

  interface GigabitEthernet0/0.100 external

  max-xmit-utilization percentage 60

!

border 192.168.1.2 key-chain pfr

  interface GigabitEthernet0/0 external

  max-xmit-utilization percentage 90

  interface GigabitEthernet0/1 internal

!

learn

  throughput

  delay

  periodic-interval 0

  monitor-period 1

holddown 90

mode route control

periodic 180

resolve range priority 1

resolve utilization priority 5 variance 20

no resolve delay

!

pfr border

local GigabitEthernet0/1

master 192.168.1.1 key-chain pfr

Regards Neil

Regards Neil http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/neil-grant/20/5b0/267
4 REPLIES 4
neil grant
Beginner

BGP Table:

Customer_PE#show ip bgp

BGP table version is 11, local router ID is 10.173.0.1

Status codes: s suppressed, d damped, h history, * valid, > best, i - internal,

              r RIB-failure, S Stale, m multipath, b backup-path, x best-external, f RT-Filter

Origin codes: i - IGP, e - EGP, ? - incomplete

   Network          Next Hop            Metric LocPrf Weight Path

*> 10.10.10.0/30    0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i

*                   10.10.10.1               0             0 4445 i

*> 10.10.10.4/30    10.10.10.1               0             0 4445 i

*>i172.31.0.8/30    192.168.1.2              0    100      0 i

*>i172.31.0.12/30   192.168.1.2              0    100      0 4445 i

*                   10.10.10.1                             0 4445 64513 i

*> 192.168.1.0      0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i

* i                 192.168.1.2              0    100      0 i

* i192.168.3.0      192.168.1.2              0    100      0 4445 64513 i

*>                  10.10.10.1                             0 4445 64513 i

Regards Neil http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/neil-grant/20/5b0/267
Joseph W. Doherty
Hall of Fame Expert

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Posting

Now when generating TCP traffic with Iperf i only seem to be getting the 20Mb despite the prefix 192.168.3.0/24 being OOP:

Your fastest path only seems to have 20 Mbps, correct?

PfR, I believe, sends all flows for one of its prefixes per one path.  If true, an OOP prefix wouldn't be able to obtain more bandwidth.  If the prefix wasn't being actively managed, then ECMP could exceed one path's bandwidth for multiple flows under the same prefix.

Hi Joseph,

In this lab 20Mb is the fastest link (My eBGP neighbor) the iBGP neighbor actually hasnt got any shapping configured at the minute so is 100Mb

Ok since following your suggestion that load balancing is per prefix i have configured the following:

Topology:

              Iperf Client192.168.1.254

                                I

                                I

Primary 20Mb --------iBGP--------Secondary 5Mb

    I                                                I

    I                                                I 

    I                                                I

eBGP  (PE)                                eBGP  (PE)

    I                                                  I

    I                                                  I

    I                                                  I 

Primary 20Mb --------iBGP--------Secondary 5Mb

                                  I

                                  I

                                  I

                                  I

Iperf Server192.168.3.254 / 192.168.4.254

*  10.10.10.0/30    10.10.10.1               0             0 4445 i

*>                  0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i

*> 10.10.10.4/30    10.10.10.1               0             0 4445 i

*>i172.31.0.8/30    192.168.1.2              0    100      0 i

*>i172.31.0.12/30   192.168.1.2              0    100      0 4445 i

*                   10.10.10.1                             0 4445 64513 i

* i192.168.1.0      192.168.1.2              0    100      0 i

*>                  0.0.0.0                  0         32768 i

* i192.168.3.0      192.168.1.2              0    100      0 4445 64513 i

*>                  10.10.10.1                             0 4445 64513 i

* i192.168.4.0      192.168.1.2              0    100      0 4445 64513 i

*>                  10.10.10.1                             0 4445 64513 i

So when generating traffic at 20Mb to 192.168.3.254 at 20Mb the PFR master acknowledges the interface is OOP:

Mar 12 10:08:58.699: %OER_MC-5-NOTICE: Range OOP BR 192.168.1.1, i/f Gi0/0.100, percent 99. Other BR 192.168.1.2, i/f Gi0/0, percent 0

But still does not utilise the other link when i start a Iperf session to the 192.168.4.0 prefix

Customer_PE#show pfr master border detail

Border           Status   UP/DOWN             AuthFail  Version

192.168.1.2      ACTIVE   UP       00:01:51          0  3.0

Gi0/1           INTERNAL UP

Gi0/0           EXTERNAL UP

External            Capacity      Max BW   BW Used    Load Status          Exit                                                                                        Id

Interface            (kbps)       (kbps)    (kbps)    (%)                                                                                                             

---------           --------      ------   ------- ------- ------           ----                                                                                       --

Gi0/0           Tx      5000        4500         0       0 UP                                                                                                           2

                 Rx                  5000         0       0

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------                                                                                       ----------

Border           Status   UP/DOWN             AuthFail  Version

192.168.1.1      ACTIVE   UP       00:01:51          0  3.0

Gi0/0.100       EXTERNAL UP

Gi0/1           INTERNAL UP

External            Capacity      Max BW   BW Used    Load Status          Exit                                                                                        Id

Interface            (kbps)       (kbps)    (kbps)    (%)                                                                                                             

---------           --------      ------   ------- ------- ------           ----                                                                                       --

Gi0/0.100       Tx     20000       12000     19957      99 UP                                                                                                           1

                 Rx                 20000         8       0

Configuration as it stands at the minute:

Customer_PE#show run | sec pfr

key chain pfr

key 0

  key-string cisco

pfr master

max-range-utilization percent 10

logging

!

border 192.168.1.2 key-chain pfr

  interface GigabitEthernet0/1 internal

  interface GigabitEthernet0/0 external

   max-xmit-utilization percentage 90

!

border 192.168.1.1 key-chain pfr

  interface GigabitEthernet0/0.100 external

   max-xmit-utilization percentage 60

  interface GigabitEthernet0/1 internal

!

learn

  throughput

  delay

  periodic-interval 0

  monitor-period 1

  aggregation-type prefix-length 32

holddown 90

mode route protocol pbr

mode route control

periodic 180

resolve range priority 1

resolve utilization priority 5 variance 20

no resolve delay

!

pfr border

local GigabitEthernet0/1

master 192.168.1.1 key-chain pfr

Customer_PE#

Regards Neil

Regards Neil http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/neil-grant/20/5b0/267
neil grant
Beginner

I think PFR isnt aware of the routes via iBGP: (G0/1)

Customer_PE#show pfr master  prefix

OER Prefix Statistics:

Pas - Passive, Act - Active, S - Short term, L - Long term, Dly - Delay (ms),

P - Percentage below threshold, Jit - Jitter (ms),

MOS - Mean Opinion Score

Los - Packet Loss (packets-per-million), Un - Unreachable (flows-per-million),

E - Egress, I - Ingress, Bw - Bandwidth (kbps), N - Not applicable

U - unknown, * - uncontrolled, + - control more specific, @ - active probe all

# - Prefix monitor mode is Special, & - Blackholed Prefix

% - Force Next-Hop, ^ - Prefix is denied

Prefix                  State     Time Curr BR         CurrI/F         Protocol

                      PasSDly  PasLDly   PasSUn   PasLUn  PasSLos  PasLLos

                      ActSDly  ActLDly   ActSUn   ActLUn      EBw      IBw

                      ActSJit  ActPMOS  ActSLos  ActLLos

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

192.168.3.0/24          DEFAULT*       95 192.168.1.1     Gi0/0.100       U

                               U

Mar 12 10:43:48.791: OER BR: Timer event, 0

Mar 12 10:43:50.231: OER BR: Timer event, 2

Mar 12 10:43:50.231: OER BR: Timer event, 2       U        0        0        0        0

                               U       10        0   500000    20384        0

                               N        N

192.168.4.0/24          HOLDDOWN       53 192.168.1.1     Gi0/0.100       BGP

                               U        U        0        0        0        0

                              12        9   500000   500000    20444        0

                               N        N

Customer_PE#

Regards Neil http://uk.linkedin.com/pub/neil-grant/20/5b0/267