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Broken switch stack leads to 10Gbps flood

andreis
Beginner
Beginner

Hello!

 

We have a stack of two 2960X switches. From the stack we have an uplink to our core switch on a portchannel with 4 10 Gig interfaces. Our core switch is a VSS with two Cisco 6880-XL switches.

Here are the connections between the 2960X stack and core switch:

 

VSS2 Ten 2/0/1 173 R S I C6880-X-L Ten 1/2/13
VSS2 Ten 2/0/2 145 R S I C6880-X-L Ten 2/2/14
VSS2 Ten 1/0/1 157 R S I C6880-X-L Ten 1/2/14
VSS2 Ten 1/0/2 152 R S I C6880-X-L Ten 2/2/13

 

At some point the someting happened to the stack (switch times in UTC):

 

May 30 23:39:08.517: %STACKMGR-4-SWITCH_REMOVED: Switch 2 has been REMOVED from the stack

May 30 23:39:09.534: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface Port-channel3, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.534: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.537: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/3, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.537: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/13, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.537: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/25, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.537: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/26, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.544: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface Port-channel3, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.544: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/27, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.544: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/28, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.544: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/29, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.544: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/30, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.551: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/31, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.551: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/32, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.551: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/0/1, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:10.558: %LINK-3-UPDOWN: Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/0/2, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.537: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/1, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.540: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/3, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.540: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/13, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.540: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/25, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.540: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/26, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.547: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/27, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.547: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/28, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.547: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/29, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.547: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/30, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.554: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/31, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.554: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet2/0/32, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.554: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/0/1, changed state to down

May 30 23:39:11.561: %LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface TenGigabitEthernet2/0/2, changed state to down

May 31 03:05:37.343: %STACKMGR-4-STACK_LINK_CHANGE: Stack Port 1 Switch 1 has changed to state DOWN

May 31 03:05:37.343: %STACKMGR-4-STACK_LINK_CHANGE: Stack Port 2 Switch 1 has changed to state DOWN

 

These were the last messages in the logging buffer on stack member 1. At 3:05 I power cycled stack member 2.

The serial console on stack member 2 was unresponsive.

 

The instant the stack got broken the stack 1 member started a 10 Gbps flood on one of the portchannel members. The core switch received the traffic on Te2/2/13 (connected to Te1/0/2 on the stack) and looped back the traffic to the stack member 2 on Te1/2/13 (connected to Te2/0/1) and Te2/2/14 (connected to Te 2/0/2). 

All graph times are UTC+3 and collected from the core switch (VSS2):

 

vss2-po110.pngvss2-te1-2-13 te2-0-1.pngvss2-te1-2-14 te1-0-1.pngvss2-te2-2-13 te1-0-2.pngvss2-te2-2-14 te2-0-2.png

 

The flood propagated from the core switch to all other switches connected in our network. Here is the uplink to the other VSS 6880-XL switch:

 

vss2-po3.png

 

Received traffic from core VSS2 on VSS1:

vss1-po3.png

 

All this traffic was just on Vlan 1 which we don't use:

vss2-vlan1.png

 

Here are the relevant configuration bits from the 2960X stack:

interface Port-channel1
 switchport mode trunk
!
interface Te1/0/1, Te1/0/2, Te2/0/1, Te2/0/2
 switchport mode trunk
 channel-group 1 mode active

 

And the relevant configuration bits from the core switch:

interface Port-channel110
 switchport
 switchport mode trunk

!

interface Te1/2/13, Te1/2/14, Te2/2/13, Te2/2/14
 switchport
 switchport mode trunk
 channel-group 110 mode active

 

Please excuse the crudity of this design. I didn't have time to build it to scale or to paint it.

[EDIT]: The diagaram is wrong. The arrow should be reversed. I will upload a new one in the comments

 

Drawing1.png

 

From VSS2 to the stack member 1, through the stacking cables and from stack member 2 back to VSS on both uplinks. Also from VSS2 to all other switches in the network just on vlan1.

 

Now for the questions: what kind of traffic was it? Could it be some LACP negotiation packets? Spanning tree? What other traffic goes between switches on the default vlan 1? Was it a "split brain" situation with both stack members going master? Was the control plane on stack member 2 completly dead?

 

Thanks for your input.

 

 

10 REPLIES 10

andreis
Beginner
Beginner

The arrows on the diagram should be the other way around. I will update the diagram

balaji.bandi
VIP Guru VIP Guru
VIP Guru

You can issue show interface command to see what kind of traffic, is this broadcast or any strom traffic.

 

how is your spanning tree config, using default vlan1 all over network is bad design.

allowing all VLAN in the port-channels not recomended, if the VLAN not exitist, they not required to be pruned.

you can also aplly strom controm on the port-channel if more can sutdown the ports.

 

all the informaiton you provided was usefull, but we need to look more information

each level interface output also spanning tree information

 

BB

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andreis
Beginner
Beginner

VSS-2#sh int po110 counters etherchannel

Port     InOctets        InUcastPkts  InMcastPkts InBcastPkts
Po110    108057163759917 144922439190 17210226    109188614
Te1/2/13    702057383158   3561883060  3115917     97703635
Te1/2/14   4580409008181   5224641257   254692       210715
Te2/2/13  24921884735903  33650068859  4640095       416347
Te2/2/14  77914159197137 102572407299  9237533     10914940

Port      OutOctets     OutUcastPkts OutMcastPkts OutBcastPkts
Po110    97149233532462 139047947510 271684624    111465541
Te1/2/13 46394711065877  61365151583  27476544     27579221
Te1/2/14 30233546112399  47517381775  26255888     35488944
Te2/2/13 16726984127394  21425677325 190887963     30658041
Te2/2/14 29937594139852  33524578884  29733024     19367775

that is expected behavour, still like to see your other information i have requested.

each level interface output also spanning tree information

BB

***** Rate All Helpful Responses *****

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Hello!

 

What do you mean by each level interface output? I have posted the couters a few posts up. If that is not the correct information, can you give me the show command, please?

 

Here is the spanning tree config on both switches:

VSS-2#show spanning-tree summary
Switch is in rapid-pvst mode
Root bridge for: VLAN0001, VLAN0010-VLAN0016, VLAN0020-VLAN0022, VLAN0024
VLAN0031-VLAN0033, VLAN0040, VLAN0050-VLAN0059, VLAN0100-VLAN0113
VLAN0115-VLAN0129, VLAN0132-VLAN0142, VLAN0146-VLAN0147, VLAN0200-VLAN0201
VLAN0218, VLAN0226, VLAN0230, VLAN0235, VLAN0355, VLAN0555-VLAN0556
VLAN0560-VLAN0561, VLAN0563, VLAN0666-VLAN0667, VLAN0900-VLAN0918, VLAN0950
VLAN0960-VLAN0961, VLAN0999, VLAN1042-VLAN1043, VLAN1555
EtherChannel misconfig guard is enabled
Extended system ID is enabled
Portfast Default is disabled
Portfast Edge BPDU Guard Default is disabled
Portfast Edge BPDU Filter Default is disabled
Loopguard Default is disabled
Platform PVST Simulation is enabled
PVST Simulation Default is enabled but inactive in rapid-pvst mode
Bridge Assurance is enabled
UplinkFast is disabled
BackboneFast is disabled
Pathcost method used is short

 

edge-2960#sh spanning-tree summary
Switch is in rapid-pvst mode
Root bridge for: none
EtherChannel misconfig guard is enabled
Extended system ID is enabled
Portfast Default is disabled
Portfast Edge BPDU Guard Default is disabled
Portfast Edge BPDU Filter Default is disabled
Loopguard Default is disabled
PVST Simulation Default is enabled but inactive in rapid-pvst mode
Bridge Assurance is enabled
UplinkFast is disabled
BackboneFast is disabled
Configured Pathcost method used is short

 

Here is the correct diagram:

Drawing1.png

paul driver
VIP Expert VIP Expert
VIP Expert

Hello

When you have two stack members that are the MASTER/STANDBY switches with MEC uplinks then not only will the uplinks fail but  control/distribution planes will get disrupted bit it for a very small amount of time IF before failure the stack had a full stack ring connection

 

Are the stack port stable, flapping stack port could cause unnecessary outage not only to the stack but will incurred STP tcn to propagate throughout your domains

 

How is your spanning-tree designed, what mode are your running?,,
Do you have any storm control applied to the edge/uplinks?


Please rate and mark as an accepted solution if you have found any of the information provided useful.
This then could assist others on these forums to find a valuable answer and broadens the community’s global network.

Kind Regards
Paul

Hello Paul!

 

I have posted in another reply the spanning tree configuration. We don't have any storm control confgured.

 

As for the stack ports, they were not flapping. They stayed up untill the stack member 2 was powered off.

 

I have also correced the diagram in my reply to BB.

andreis
Beginner
Beginner

Is it normal to have *dead* memory on the 2nd place?

 

edge-2960#show processes memory sorted
Processor Pool Total: 366118500 Used: 75802564 Free: 290315936
I/O Pool Total: 33554432 Used: 12683508 Free: 20870924
Driver te Pool Total: 1048576 Used: 40 Free: 1048536

PID TTY Allocated Freed Holding Getbufs Retbufs Process
0 0 168482724 91524332 72143428 0 0 *Init*
0 0 297453368 1163321928 3048172 12451527 949166 *Dead*
408 0 1253944 16600 1247512 0 0 EEM Server
104 0 4536032 2132048 1124600 436080 0 Stack Mgr Notifi
0 0 0 0 525968 0 0 *MallocLite*
447 0 209897920 208154152 426880 0 0 hulc running con
444 0 13391544 11178112 410352 477144 0 LACP Protocol

 

Hello


@andreis wrote:


The instant the stack got broken the stack 1 member started a 10 Gbps flood on one of the portchannel members

The core switch received the traffic on Te2/2/13 (connected to Te1/0/2 on the stack)
and looped back the traffic to the stack member 2 on Te1/2/13
(connected to Te2/0/1) and Te2/2/14 (connected to Te 2/0/2).

 


I assume when you say "stack got broken" you are referring to when switch 2 dropped?  As such the loop you mention should not have happened unless it wasn't down when you thought it was and as such you incurred some physical/logical loop.

 

I don't see any mention of you having UDLD or loopback applied for spanning-tree also you dont seen to have portfast enabled globally or at edge level so it could be a good possibility you did incurred stp convergence/loop that caused the high utilization.

 

Suggest you apply portfast on ALL edge ports and UDLD/Loopguard as well, even go a bit further and append some port security and storm control.


Please rate and mark as an accepted solution if you have found any of the information provided useful.
This then could assist others on these forums to find a valuable answer and broadens the community’s global network.

Kind Regards
Paul

Hello!

 

Yes, by broken I mean the fact that the serial console on member 2 was hung and running show switch on member 1 said that switch 2 was removed.

 

However, the activity leds on the Te2/0/1 and Te2/0/2 were blinking like crazy. We don't have UDLD configured. We use twinax cables for the uplinks (SFP-H10GB-CU3M).

 

I'm more interested in the failure mode. We already put in place some mitigation strategies.

 

Thanks.

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