cancel
Showing results for 
Search instead for 
Did you mean: 
cancel
Announcements
249
Views
0
Helpful
6
Replies
stuartkendrick
Beginner

EEM script for backing up configs in a cluster

I am successfully backing up running-config using Embedded Event Manager:

 

event manager applet Backup-Config
event timer absolute time 1:00:00
action 0 cli command "copy /noconfirm running-config tftp://guru/backups/asa-x-vpn-config-latest"
output file overwrite flash:Backup-Config.output

 

However, both the Active and the Standby unit of the cluster execute this applet ... sometimes the TFTP host 'guru' contains running-config from the Active unit, sometimes from the Standby unit

 

Minimally, I would rather see running-config from the Active unit be the one which 'wins' on the tftp server, because it contains a key configuration line, e.g.

route inside 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.1.2.3 tunneled

while running-config on the Standby unit does not.

 

The two config files also vary in the following line:

failover lan unit primary

vs

failover lan unit secondary

 

The set of X.509 certificates also differs between the two

 

Maximally, I would like to save both configs separately, say, as:

asa-active-vpn-config

asa-standby-vpn-config

 

But I don't see a way to do this.  I have looked for a couple of features, notably:

- I would like to reflect the value of 'prompt hostname state' into a variable, so that I could write:

copy /noconfirm running-config tftp://server-name//backups/$prompt-vpn-config

This would prduce, in my imagination at least, two files:

asa-x-vpn/act-config

and

asa-x-vpn/stby-config

 

Alternatively, some way to instruct the ASA OS to *not* replicate a set of config lines to the Standby unit

 

Both approaches have flaws in them.  But in any case, I don't see these features.

 

I have also tried triggering the Appleton the 111008 Syslog message rather than via an Absolute timer -- works fine, but with the same results, i.e. both the Active and the Standby units execute the 'copy running-config' command

 

Has anyone else come up with a coherent way to automatically backup the config file(s) of an ASA cluster?

 

--sk

1 ACCEPTED SOLUTION

Accepted Solutions

OK, I would prefer to push from EEM to the tftp/ftp/scp server

Or, I would prefer to pull using SNMP (for IOS and NX-OS http://www.skendric.com/nmgmt/device/Cisco/auto-save)

 

However, I don't see EEM being suffiicently capable yet for this task.  Nor does ASA support SNMP copying of files.  So, one creates a local, highly-privileged account to facilitate all this

 

Here are a couple ways to do this:

test-asa# config t

  ssh scopy enable

  username foo password secret privilege 15

  username foo attributes

    ssh authentication publickey {paste public key here}

end

test-asa#

test-asa#config t

  event manager applet Backup-Config
  event none
  action 1 cli command "copy /noconfirm running-config tftp://tftp-server//backups/asa-config-latest"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-Config.out

end

test-asa#

 

And then on the tftp-server, run the following bash script from cron:

#!/bin/sh
ssh test-asa<<EOF
event manager run Backup-Config
EOF

The whole 'EOF' thing is one way to send a carriage return to the ASA (and the only way I have identified)

 

Alternatively, use scp:

config t

  ssh scopy enable

  username foo password secret privilege 15

  username foo attributes

    ssh authentication publickey {paste public key here}

end

 

 

Then the following works:

scp foo@test-asa:system://running-config running-config

scp foo@test-asa:startup-config startup-config

 

In tandem with an EEM applet, this approach also allows backing up the entire configuration:

 

config t
  event manager applet Backup-All
  event timer absolute time 01:00:00
  action 1 cli command "backup /noconfirm location flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-All.out
end

 

And then sometime after 01:00:00, run a cron job on the backup server:

scp foo@test-asa:test-asa-all.tar.gz test-asa-all.tar.gz

 

Or, if you prefer to drive more of this from EEM:

config t
  event manager applet Backup-All
  event timer absolute time 01:00:00
  action 1 cli command "backup /noconfirm location flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz"

  action 2 cli command "copy /noconfirm flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz scp://foo:secret@tftp-server/test-asa-all.tar.gz"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-All.out
end

 

Other community members have sketched these solutions in other posts:

https://community.cisco.com/t5/switching/using-scp-to-backup-your-configs-safely/td-p/1208822

https://community.cisco.com/t5/firewalls/asa-backup-using-eem-and-scp/td-p/3947596

 

hth,

 

--sk

View solution in original post

6 REPLIES 6
balaji.bandi
VIP Expert

Good question I was just thinking, if the ASA in Active/Standby mode, Once you configure the EEM script on active, they can not replicate to standby? (never tried) - as per the technical theory the config will replicate with Mate, right?

 

My approach was always for the config, do out of the box script so script poll from outside and pull the config and store in archive folder (for both active and standby)

 

 

 

 



BB


*** Rate All Helpful Responses ***

stuartkendrick
Beginner

Right, as soon as I add the Applet to the Active member, those config lines get replicated to the Standby member, and now both of them are executing it

 

Sounds like you have used an external 'pull' approach -- thank you for that input

 

--sk

yes, external get ability pulls the config each box, but we always need only Active box config, standby config very simple. (it only required when you replacing the kit with faulty)

 



BB


*** Rate All Helpful Responses ***

OK, so how do I send a carriage return over ssh to an ASA?

 

In this case, I had to hit 'Enter' and then type 'exit'

guru% ssh admin@asa "event manager run Backup-Config"

User admin logged in to asa-x-vpn
[...]
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
asa-x-vpn/act# event manager run Backup-Config

asa-x-vpn/act# exit
exit

Logoff

Connection to asa-active-vpn closed by remote host.
guru%

 

With this approach, I have to hit 'enter' and then type 'exit'

guru% ssh asa-active-vpn "event manager run Backup-Config; exit;"
[...]
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
asa-x-vpn/act# event manager run Backup-Config; exit;

                                                                               ^
ERROR: % Invalid input detected at '^' marker.
asa-x-vpn/act# exit
exit

Logoff

guru%

 

 

Again, I must type 'Enter' and then 'exit'

guru% ssh asa-active-vpn "event manager run Backup-Config\nexit\n"
[...]
Type help or '?' for a list of available commands.
asa-x-vpn/act# event manager run Backup-Config\nexit\n

ERROR: Applet not found
asa-x-vpn/act# exit
exit

Logoff

Connection to asa-active-vpn closed by remote host.
guru%

 

--sk

balaji.bandi
VIP Expert

What is the reason to run even-manager script to run from out of the box, you can simple SSH to device copy the config to TFTP Locaation right

 

simple bash script :

 

http://paklids.blogspot.com/2012/01/securely-backup-cisco-firewall-asa-fwsm.html

https://www.linickx.com/multi-context-https-backups-of-cisco-asa-script

 

python based :

 

https://github.com/orgito/ncm-scripts/blob/master/cisco_asa_config_capture.py

 

 



BB


*** Rate All Helpful Responses ***

OK, I would prefer to push from EEM to the tftp/ftp/scp server

Or, I would prefer to pull using SNMP (for IOS and NX-OS http://www.skendric.com/nmgmt/device/Cisco/auto-save)

 

However, I don't see EEM being suffiicently capable yet for this task.  Nor does ASA support SNMP copying of files.  So, one creates a local, highly-privileged account to facilitate all this

 

Here are a couple ways to do this:

test-asa# config t

  ssh scopy enable

  username foo password secret privilege 15

  username foo attributes

    ssh authentication publickey {paste public key here}

end

test-asa#

test-asa#config t

  event manager applet Backup-Config
  event none
  action 1 cli command "copy /noconfirm running-config tftp://tftp-server//backups/asa-config-latest"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-Config.out

end

test-asa#

 

And then on the tftp-server, run the following bash script from cron:

#!/bin/sh
ssh test-asa<<EOF
event manager run Backup-Config
EOF

The whole 'EOF' thing is one way to send a carriage return to the ASA (and the only way I have identified)

 

Alternatively, use scp:

config t

  ssh scopy enable

  username foo password secret privilege 15

  username foo attributes

    ssh authentication publickey {paste public key here}

end

 

 

Then the following works:

scp foo@test-asa:system://running-config running-config

scp foo@test-asa:startup-config startup-config

 

In tandem with an EEM applet, this approach also allows backing up the entire configuration:

 

config t
  event manager applet Backup-All
  event timer absolute time 01:00:00
  action 1 cli command "backup /noconfirm location flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-All.out
end

 

And then sometime after 01:00:00, run a cron job on the backup server:

scp foo@test-asa:test-asa-all.tar.gz test-asa-all.tar.gz

 

Or, if you prefer to drive more of this from EEM:

config t
  event manager applet Backup-All
  event timer absolute time 01:00:00
  action 1 cli command "backup /noconfirm location flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz"

  action 2 cli command "copy /noconfirm flash:test-asa-all.tar.gz scp://foo:secret@tftp-server/test-asa-all.tar.gz"
  output file overwrite flash:Backup-All.out
end

 

Other community members have sketched these solutions in other posts:

https://community.cisco.com/t5/switching/using-scp-to-backup-your-configs-safely/td-p/1208822

https://community.cisco.com/t5/firewalls/asa-backup-using-eem-and-scp/td-p/3947596

 

hth,

 

--sk

View solution in original post

Content for Community-Ad